Readout The Principles Of Compact City In The Neighborhoods Of The Iranian Cities (Case Study: Nazi Abad Neighborhood Of Tehran)
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City is the manifestation of human culture and civilization. Urban neighborhoods as social spaces play an important role in the lives of citizens. Texture density in neighborhoods, concentration of complex land uses and their proximity to each other are closely associated with sustainable urban forms. Today, with the increase of urban population, we are observing transformation and destruction of urban neighborhoods and a lot of old neighborhoods are being destroyed under the pretext of having timeworn texture and lack of accountability to our urban population. Tehran metropolis is no exception to this. Here we encounter two urban problems: First, uncontrolled urban dispersion and second, a huge amount of buildings which haven't any identification and have formed regardless of their field bed. Compact city is a model of sustainable cities and this is an efficient model to address the phenomenon of urban dispersion. In addition, the model emphasizes the focus on the neighborhood. Nazi Abad neighborhood in Tehran, one of the old quarters of the city that has a compact and outdated texture. In recent years, new buildings are being built in the neighborhood, which were formed regardless of the identity and the dominant pattern in this neighborhood. This had a negative impact on the neighborhood and has tarnished its image. By using descriptive-analytic study as well as field studies on Nazi Abad neighborhood, this paper considers this neighborhood as part of the skeleton of Tehran and aims to solve these urban problems by providing some solutions and identify the patterns in Nazi Abad neighborhood. The contents listed in this article aims to provide key tools for urban planning, urban identity and locations for future designs.