A Genetic Algorithm Approach to a General Category Project Scheduling Problem
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A genetic algorithm (GA) approach is proposed for the general resource constrained project scheduling model, in which activities may be executed in more than one operating mode and renewable as well as nonrenewable resource constraints exist, Each activity operation mode has a different duration and requires different amounts of renewable and nonrenewable resources. The objective is the minimization of the project duration or makespan, The problem under consideration is known to be one of the most difficult scheduling problems, and it is hard to find a feasible solution for such a problem, let alone the optimal one, The GA approach described here incorporates problem-specific scheduling knowledge by an indirect chromosome encoding that consists of selected activity operating modes and an ordered set of scheduling rules, The scheduling rules in the chromosome are used in an iterative scheduling algorithm that constructs the schedule resulting from the chromosome. The proposed GA is denoted as a hybrid GA (HGA) approach since it is integrated with traditional scheduling tools and expertise specifically developed for the general resource constrained project scheduling problem. The results demonstrate that HGA approach produces near-optimal solutions within a reasonable amount of computation time.