Fizyoterapi ve Rehabilitasyon Bölümü / Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation
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- YayınKısıtlıComparison of Motor Proficiency and Functional Ambulation in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy With Healthy Peers(Taylor & Francis Ltd., 2020) Yıldız, Şulenur; Şahin, Sedef; Bulut, Numan; Tunca Yılmaz, Öznur; Karaduman, Aynur Ayşe; AKEL, BURCU SEMİNAims:The study was aimed to investigate the difference between boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and healthy peers in terms of gross and fine motor proficiency, and determine the relationship between motor proficiency and ambulation. Methods:A total of 24 boys with DMD and 22 healthy peers were evaluated. Demographics and physical characteristics were recorded. The Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Short Form (BOTMP-SF) was administered to evaluate gross and fine motor proficiency in both groups. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) was performed to evaluate functional walking capacity and North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA) was used to determine ambulatory status of boys with DMD. Results:The gross motor proficiency score was significantly lower in boys with DMD (p = 0.001). No difference was found between the groups in terms of fine motor proficiency (p = 0.962). The gross motor function of BOTMP-SF was significantly related to 6MWT distance (r = 0.696,p = 0.001) and NSAA (r = 0.738,p = 0.001). No relationship was found between BOTMP-SF fine motor proficiency and 6MWT distance (r = 0.210,p = 0.361), and NSAA (r= -0.020,p = 0.928). There were significant correlations between running speed and agility with 6MWT distance (r = 0.585,p = 0.005) and NSAA (r = 0.650,p = 0.056). Conclusions:Boys with DMD were more affected in aspects of gross motor proficiency than healthy peers, while fine motor proficiency were found same. The gross motor proficiency was found more related to the level of ambulation.
- YayınKısıtlıCross-Cultural Adaptation, Reliability, and Validity of a Turkish Version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-Turkish)(Springer Plenum, 2021) Aran, Orkun Tahir; Abaoğlu, Hatice; Çağlar, Gamze Ekici; AKEL, BURCU SEMİN; Aki, Esra; Karahan, Sevilay; Kayıhan, HülyaPurposeThe Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ) is an instrument based on the International Classification of Functioning Vocational rehabilitation core set. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity, reliability and cross-cultural adaptation of the WORQ to Turkish and evaluate its psychometric properties.MethodsThe cross-cultural adaptation and translation procedures were conducted following Beaton's guidelines. The test-re-test reliability was examined by Spearman Brown Coefficient (split half analysis), internal consistency was examined by Cronbach's alpha. Criterion related validity of the WORQ was determined by Beck Depression Inventory using Pearson correlation coefficient and known group differences regarding age, gender, work and educational levels using one-way ANOVA and t test. Construct validity was examined by confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS.ResultsTwo hundred and fifty-seven participants with disabilities were included to the study from seven different provinces of Turkey. The WORQ-Turkish showed excellent internal consistency (0.906), good test-retest reliability (0.811), and good construct validity (good model fit indices). Criterion related validity analysis showed medium correlations between WORQ and Beck Depression Inventory (p < 0.001), however there were no statistical significant differences regarding known group parameters (p > 0.05).ConclusionsIn this study, the cross-cultural adaptation, and validity and reliability of WORQ-Turkish self-reported version were examined and the results indicated that WORQ-Turkish was a valid and reliable scale for analyzing vocational rehabilitation process of people with disabilities.
- YayınKısıtlıDetermining the Relationship Between the Impairment of Selective Voluntary Motor Control and Gait Deviations in Children With Cerebral Palsy Using Simple Video-Based Analyses(Elsevier Ireland Ltd., 2021) Sardogan, Cansu; Muammer, Rasmi; AKALAN, NAZİF EKİN; Sert, Rukiye; Bilgili, FuatBackground: The impairment of selective voluntary motor control (SVMC) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) has been shown to correlate with their gait characteristics using complex 3D gait analysis systems (3DGA); however, this relationship has not been investigated using simple video-based observational gait analysis (VBOGA). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between VBOGA and SVMC of the lower extremities in children with CP. Methods: Forty-two CP children 10.9 +/- 5.7 years old with Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-III participated in the study. Their gait characteristics were assessed using the Edinburgh Visual Gait Score (EVGS), and selective voluntary motor control was tested using the Selective Control Assessment of the Lower Extremity (SCALE). Spearman's rho correlation test with Cohen's classification were used in the statistical analyses. Results: The GMFCS levels (r = 0.604, p < 0.001), foot clearance (r = -0.584. p < 0.001), and maximum ankle dorsiflexion (r = -0.567, p < 0.001) during the swing phase had strong correlations with total SCALE scores. There was also a moderate correlation between total SCALE scores and total EVGS (r = -0.494, p < 0.001), knee extension in the terminal swing phase (r = -0.353, p < 0.001), peak sagittal trunk position (r = -0.316, p < 0.005), and maximum lateral shift (r = -0.37, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Impaired lower extremity SVMC was noticeably related to the foot and ankle movements in the swing phase and initial stance during walking as well as the total EVGS scores and sagittal and frontal trunk movements. The SCALE correlations with VBOGA were similar those observed in the complex 3DGA in the literature; therefore, we suggest that SVMC impairment of gait could be evaluated using simple VBOGA. These findings may help to tailor physical therapy programs for CP children to increase their motor control and walking quality.
- YayınKısıtlıThe Effect of Kinesiophobia on Physical Activity, Balance, and Fear of Falling in Patients with Parkinson's Disease(Taylor & Francis Inc., 2022) Oğuz, Semra; UZUNOĞLU, GAMZE ERTÜRK; Polat, Mine Gülden; Apaydın, HülyaPurpose Kinesiophobia is defined as the fear of movement and activity resulting from a feeling of vulnerability to painful injury or re-injury. This study aimed to determine the effect of kinesiophobia on physical activity, balance, and fear of falling in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods The study, which was designed as a cross-sectional type, was conducted with 86 patients with Parkinson's disease (age 61.25 SD [9.72] years old) by face-to-face interviews with the patients. The Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia, International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form, Berg Balance Scale, Falls Efficacy Scale, Visual Analog Scale - Fear of Falling, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale - motor score, and the Hoehn and Yahr scale were used to evaluate the patients. Results Patients with Parkinson's disease who had high levels of kinesiophobia had lower levels of physical activity, worse balance, and higher disease severity and fear of falling. A correlation was found between the Tampa Scale score and physical activity, balance, fear of falling, falls efficacy, and disease motor score (p r = -0.38, -0.54, 0.67, 0.57, and 0.37, respectively). According to multiple linear regression analysis, kinesiophobia explained the dependent variables to varying degrees ranging from 13% to 44% (p < .001). Conclusions Patients with Parkinson's disease may have kinesiophobia. Rehabilitation programs to support functional capacity for these patients should be developed considering the presence of kinesiophobia.
- YayınKısıtlıEffects of High Intensity Interval Training and Sprint Interval Training in Patients With Asthma: A Systematic Review(Taylor & Francis Ltd, 2022) UZUNOĞLU, GAMZE ERTÜRK; Günday, Çiçek; EVRENDİLEK, HALENUR; Sağır, Kübra; Aslan, Göksen KuranObjective The aim of this study is to review the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT)/sprint interval training (SIT) on asthma symptoms, cardiorespiratory functions, and other variables among asthmatic patients. Data sources Randomized controlled trials published between January 2000 and January 2021 were searched in PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases. Study selections Following pre-specified inclusion criteria, this review included 7 randomized controlled studies that compare HIIT/SIT as an intervention with any other intervention and/or control group. Results Of the included studies only four reported the chronic phase effects of the HIIT/SIT protocols. HIIT and SIT protocols applied in studies differ. HIIT improved forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) in the acute phase and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) in the chronic phase in the asthmatic patients (p < 0.05). Conclusion To our knowledge, our systematic review is the first study evaluating the effects of HIIT/SIT protocols on asthma patients. HIIT/SIT protocols have beneficial effects on asthma patients. In order to better understand the results of these training procedures, studies that will be designed with high methodology are needed.
- YayınSadece MetadataESMAC 2021 Abstracts(Elsevier Ireland Ltd., 2021) AKALAN, NAZİF EKİN; GÖRGÜLÜ, M.; AYDIN, B.; Sert. R.; Bilgili F.
- YayınAçık ErişimExamination of Fatigue, Well-Being and Life Habits in Children with Cancer Diagnosis(Bezmiâlem Vakıf University, 2021) Sevgili, Sümeyye; Şahin, Sedef; AKEL, BURCU SEMİNObjective: In this study, it was planned to examine fatigue, well-being and life habits in children with cancer. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted between September 2019-January 2020. "24-Hour Child Fatigue Scale", "Child Well-being Assessment" and Child Life Habit Questionnaire (LIFE-H for Children 1.0)" were administered to 20 children with cancer aged 5-15 years. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to determine the statistical relationship between life habits, fatigue and well-being. Statistical significance level was accepted as p<0.05. Results: There were significant relationships between fatigue and personal care, shelter and mobility parameters of life habits (r=-0.66, r=0.54, r=0.45, p<0.01, respectively) and there were significant relationships between fatigue and negative emotions (r=0.46), overall life satisfaction (r=-0.52), general happiness (r=-0.49) and positive emotions (r=-0.44 *) parameters of well-being assessment. Life habits scale was found to be related with nutrition, physical fitness and communication parameters of Child Life Habit Questionnaire were found to be most related with the meaning and purpose parameter of the well-being assessment (p<0.01). There were significant relationships between positive emotions and recreation (r=0.45, p=0.04); optimism and communication (r=-0.44, p=0.04); personal care (r=-0.49, p=0, 02), social life (r=-0.46, p=0.04) and autonomy; and mobility and negative emotions (r=-0.45, p=0.04). Conclusion: Considering the relationships determined in this study, the evaluation of the children with cancer and treatment approaches can be shaped. The fact that fatigue affects all aspects of children's life reveals the importance of dealing with fatigue. It is recommended to focus on the meaning and purpose and regain autonomy for children in order to rearrange the life habits of the children and ensure their well-being.
- YayınKısıtlıGait Characteristics and Effects of Early Treadmill Intervention in Infants and Toddlers with Down Syndrome: A Systematic Review(Taylor & Francis Ltd., 2022) Kınacı-Biber, Esra; ÖNERGE, KÜBRA; Mutlu, AkmerPurpose The aim of this study was to evaluate gait characteristics, and the effectiveness of treadmill interventions on gait in infants and toddlers with Down syndrome (DS). Materials and Methods A comprehensive search was performed on six databases for evidence published up to November 2020 for articles related to infants and toddlers with DS. The Clinical Appraisal Skills Programme Checklist assessed the methodological quality. Strength of evidence were evaluated Sackett's level. Results Nine articles analyzing instrumental gait met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 4 compared DS and typically developing (TD), and 5 included treadmill training interventions for DS. Kinematic analysis was applied in 8 studies and all articles presented evaluations at different times according to the walking experience. Analysis with EMG was used in only one of the intervention articles and in 3 of the 4 comparative articles. Conclusions Although similar improvements are seen in spatiotemporal parameters for toddlers with typical development and those with DS, the decrease in step width is not similar for DS. Early treadmill training can have a positively effect on the gait characteristics of DS infants. Further research should focus on the acquisition of gait characteristics, long-term evaluations, kinetics and EMG data, for these children.
- YayınKısıtlıIntraoperative Testing of Passive and Active State Mechanics of Spastic Semitendinosus in Conditions Involving Intermuscular Mechanical Interactions and Gait Relevant Joint Positions(Elsevier, 2020) Kaya, Cemre S.; Bilgili, Fuat; AKALAN, NAZİF EKİN; Yücesoy, Can A.In cerebral palsy (CP) patients suffering pathological knee joint motion, spastic muscle's passive state forces have not been quantified intraoperatively. Besides, assessment of spastic muscle's active state forces in conditions involving intermuscular mechanical interactions and gait relevant joint positions is lacking. Therefore, the source of flexor forces limiting joint motion remains unclear. The aim was to test the following hypotheses: (i) in both passive and active states, spastic semitendinosus (ST) per se shows its highest forces within gait relevant knee angle (KA) range and (ii) due to intermuscular mechanical interactions, the active state forces elevate. Isometric forces (seven children with CP, GMFCS-II) were measured during surgery over a range of KA from flexion to full extension, at hip angle (HA) = 45 degrees and 20 degrees, in four conditions: (I) passive state, (II) individual stimulation of the ST, simultaneous stimulation of the ST (III) with its synergists, and (IV) also with an antagonist. Gait analyses: intraoperative data for KA = 17-61 degrees (HA = 45 degrees) and KA = 0-33 degrees (HA = 20 degrees) represent the loading response and terminal swing, and mid/terminal stance phases of gait, respectively. Intraoperative tests: Passive forces maximally approximated half of peak force in condition II (HA = 45 degrees). Added muscle activations did increase muscle forces significantly (HA = 45 degrees: on average by 42.0% and 72.5%; HA = 20 degrees: maximally by 131.8% and 123.7%, respectively in conditions III and IV, p < 0.01). In conclusion, intermuscular mechanical interactions yield elevated active state forces, which are well above passive state forces. This indicates that intermuscular mechanical interactions may be a source of high flexor forces in CP. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- YayınKısıtlıInvestigation of the Effect of Task-Orientated Rehabilitation Program on Motor Skills of Children With Childhood Cancer: A Randomized-Controlled Trial(Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2020) Şahin, Sedef; AKEL, BURCU SEMİN; Huri, Meral; Akyüz, CananProblems have been reported in the execution and development of motor skills and its treatment as a cause of cancer in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the task-orientated rehabilitation program (ToRP) on motor skills of children with childhood cancer. Following the consort guideline, 93 children (49 males and 44 females) with pediatric cancer were randomized to either study (n = 52; 12.35 ± 3.43 years) or control (n = 41; 11.89 ± 3.56 years) groups. The study group received ToRP, and the control group received a home-based therapeutic strategies program for 20 sessions. Motor skill outcomes were assessed with Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Short Form (BOTMP-SF) by assessor who was blind to group allocation and interventions. The groups were homogenous in terms of demographic characteristics and motor skills. The study group showed a significant increase in both gross and fine motor skills (P values for all subtests: P 0.001), whereas running speed, bilateral coordination, strength, response speed and visual motor control did not show significant improvement with the control group (P > 0.05). The ToRP appears to provide beneficial effects in improving motor skills at the early stages of rehabilitation for children with childhood cancer.
- YayınSadece MetadataKinesiology of the Human Gait(Elsevier, 2020) AKALAN, NAZİF EKİN; Angın, SalihGait is one of the most complex functional activity which takes 7 years in average to learn and there are many factors such as music that is listened to, momentary psychogenic state, exhaustion, happiness, anger, etc. may affect the gait characteristics. Gait is a common activity in our daily lives. People who experience pain in only one phase of gait do not feel it only once a day. This situation is unacceptable for the human body and, thus, causes automatic, compensatory changes in a short time. In this section, the fundamentals of normal gait, its sub-phases, and the biomechanical events under these phases are explained.
- YayınSadece MetadataThe Most Commonly Determined Nursing Diagnoses According to NANDA-I Taxonomy and Difficulties Using the Nursing Process in COVID-19 Outbreak(Sage Publications Inc., 2022) Tosun, Hale; Tosun, Ayşe; Özkaya, Birgül Odul; GÜL, ASİYEThe study was planned to determine the most common nursing diagnoses according to NANDA International (NANDA-I) taxonomy and difficulties experienced in using of nursing process in COVID-19 outbreak. The sample of the descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of nurses cared for patients with COVID-19 (n = 114). Average age of nurses is 26.86 +/- 6.68. Commonly determined nursing diagnoses according to NANDA-I taxonomy in patients with COVID-19 were imbalanced nutrition (66.7%), impaired gas exchange (40.4%), insomnia (21.1%), acute confusion (31.6%), hopelessness (96.5%), difficulty playing caregiver (84.2%), anxiety (38.6%) willingness to strengthen religious bond (71.9%), risk for infection (64.9%), nausea (49.1%). Twenty-four-years old and younger, high school graduates, caring for intubated patients, and those who stated that they did not use nursing diagnosis had more difficulty in using nursing process (<0.05). The use of nursing diagnoses and process for patients with COVID-19 is extremely important in ensuring individual and qualified nursing care.
- YayınKısıtlıThe Relationship of One Leg Standing Duration to GMFM Scores and to Stance Phase of Walking in Children with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy(Taylor & Francis, 2021) UZUNOĞLU, GAMZE ERTÜRK; AKALAN, NAZİF EKİN; EVRENDİLEK, HALENUR; YILMAZ, GÜLŞAH KARACA; Bilgili, FuatBackground: Lack of stability during stance negatively impacts gait and motor function for children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Improving stability and balance are the focus for gait rehabilitation). The One-Leg-Standing-Test may give valuable information about motor function and stability of stance for patients with unilateral cerebral palsy. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the One-Leg-Standing-Test and the gross-motor-function-measurement and single-limb support time. Methods: The study included 18 patients with unilateral cerebral palsy (age 11.08 [SD 2.84] years old). The One-Leg-Standing-Test and pedobarographic evaluation were performed. Sections D and E of the gross-motor-function-measurement were assessed, and in pedobarographic evaluation, the single-limb support time (the total duration of mid-stance and terminal-stance during walking) was calculated to describe stability during stance. Results: For patients, the One-Leg-Standing-Test scores and single-limb support time values were lower on the affected side than on the unaffected side. The One-Leg-Standing-Test was correlated with single-limb support time (p = .02, r = 0.60) and section E (p < .01, r = 0.59) values. The One-Leg-Standing-Test was also correlated to total stance phase and section D. Conclusion: The One-Leg-Standing-Test gives valuable information about gross-motor-function but cannot be substituted for motor function tests. The single-limb support time value may be used to describe stability in stance during walking.
- YayınSadece MetadataReliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of Body Attitude Test in Women with Breast Cancer(Springer, 2022) Şahin, Sedef; Huri, Meral; Köse, Barkın; AKEL, BURCU SEMİN; Probst, MichelThis study aims to examine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of Body Attitude Test among women with breast cancer. The study included 101 voluntary women with breast cancer stage 1, 2 or 3 from different regions of Turkey. The Turkish versions of Body Attitude Test, Body Shape Questionnaire and Eating Attitudes Test were applied twice with a 7- day interval. The test demonstrated high test-retest reliability (Intra-class Correlation Coefficient = 0.95) with a good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.82; McDonald’s omega = 0.89) for all domains. The confirmatory factor analysis resulted in 4 factor structures and at an acceptable good fit-in with x2/df for BAT. The Body Attitude Test correlated strongly with the Body Shape Questionnaire and Eating Attitudes Test (p < 0.05). The results support the Turkish version of the test is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used to measure the body attitude of women with breast cancer. This test can be used as an appropriate measurement tool in assessing the subjective attitude towards the body in women with breast cancer. © 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
- YayınAçık ErişimThe Reliability of the Augmented Lehnert-Schroth and Rigo Classification in Scoliosis Management(AOSIS, 2021) Akçay, Burçin; Çolak, Tuğba Kuru; APTİ, ADNAN; Çolak, İlker; Kızıltaş, ÖnderBackground: In pattern-specific scoliosis exercises and bracing, the corrective treatment plan differs according to different curve patterns. There are a limited number of studies investigating the reliability of the commonly used classifications systems. Objective: To test the reliability of the augmented Lehnert-Schroth (ALS) classification and the Rigo classification. Methods: X-rays and posterior photographs of 45 patients with scoliosis were sent by the first author to three clinicians twice at 1-week intervals. The clinicians classified images according to the ALS and Rigo classifications, and the data were analysed using SPSS V-16. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and standard error measurement (SEM) were calculated to evaluate the inter-and intra-observer reliability. Results: The inter-observer ICC values were 0.552 (ALS), 0.452 (Rigo) for X-ray images and 0.494 (ALS), 0.518 (Rigo) for the photographs. The average intra-observer ICC value was 0.720 (ALS), 0.581 (Rigo) for the X-ray images and 0.726 (ALS) and 0.467 (Rigo) for the photographs. Conclusions: The results of our study indicate moderate inter-observer reliability for X-ray images using the ALS classification and clinical photographs using the Rigo classification. Intra-observer reliability was moderate to good for X-ray images and clinical photographs using the ALS classification and poor to moderate for X-ray and clinical photographs using the Rigo classification.
- YayınAçık ErişimTime Difference Between Onsets of Lateral and Medial Hamstring Muscles During Gait in Patients With Patellofemoral Pain: A Preliminary Study(Marmara Univ., Inst Health Sciences, 2022) Coşkunsu, Dilber Karagözoğlu; Can, Filiz; Kuchimovs, Shavkat; AKALAN, NAZİF EKİN; Kılıçoğlu, İ. Önder; Öztürk, NeclaObjective: Early activation of lateral hamstrings (LH) relative to medial hamstrings (MH) has been thought to be the cause of abnormal knee abduction and external rotation of the tibia, which affects the orientation of patellar tendon and increases lateral patellofemoral compression. Therefore, early activation of LH relative to MH is considered to have a role in the patellofemoral pain (PFP). The aim of this study was to investigate the time difference between MH and LH onsets in patients with PFP during gait. Methods: Thirteen patients with bilateral PFP (mean age 28.73 +/- 7.44 years) and 13 asymptomatic subjects (mean age 30.47 +/- 6.22 years) were recruited in the study. Gait analysis was performed using the ELITE system (BTS, Milano-Italy) with video cameras (TVC, BTS, Milano-Italy). Participants were requested to walk at a self-selected speed on a force platform, and EMG data were recorded from MH and LH muscles for 10 initial contacts by using TELEEMG (BTS, Milano-Italy). Time difference between the onsets of the MH and LH was calculated for each initial contact by using moving averaging method, then their mean was obtained for each participant. Results: The time difference between onsets of MH and LH was - 26.9 +/- 22.2 ms for PFP subjects and - 11.2 +/- 14.2 ms for control subjects, and LH mainly became activated earlier compared to MH in most of the subjects in both groups. There was a statistically significant difference between the time differences of the groups (p=0.041). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that LH displayed an earlier activation in subjects with PFP compared to control subjects during gait.
- YayınKısıtlıTime-Use, Occupational Balance, and Temporal Life Satisfaction of University Students in Turkey During Isolation Period of COVID-19(Taylor & Francis Australia, 2022) Salar, Sinem; Pekçetin, Serkan; Günal, Ayla; AKEL, BURCU SEMİNPeople all over the world have needed to adapt to social distancing, movement restrictions, and change in life routines due to Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19). This study aimed to explore the relationships between time-use, occupational balance, and temporal life satisfaction of university students in Turkey during the social isolation period due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The study was conducted online in May 2020, with 128 university students of a Turkish university with the mean age of 20.27 +/- 1.49 years (Min. 18 - Max. 26 years old) from 37 cities. The measures used were the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), the Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale (TSWLS), and a customized question about the time-use of the students in specific occupational domains. The results indicated that individuals with lower occupational balance had less present life satisfaction (p < .001). While the time allocated to study lessons, socialization, and exercise had small positive correlations with OBQ (p <.01), watching TV had a negative correlation with OBQ (p <.05) and with 'present TSWLS' (p <.01). The mean value of 'present TSWLS' (15.45 +/- 7.54) was lower than 'past TSWLS' (21.57 +/- 6.27) and 'future TSWLS' (22.64 +/- 4.60). Evaluation of occupational balance and the time use patterns of university students during the isolation periods could be important due to its relationship with life satisfaction. This issue raises the potential need for preventive occupation-based interventions to address the mental health of the community.
- YayınKısıtlıTranslation, Psychometric and Concept Analysis of the Occupational Balance-Questionnaire Based on a Turkish Population(Taylor & Francis Inc., 2021) Bahadır, Zeynep; Yaran, Mahmut; Özkan, Esma; Ekici, Gamze; Huri, Meral; AKEL, BURCU SEMİNOccupational balance is a crucial concept in occupational therapy, accepted as a key component of health and well-being. The Occupational Balance-Questionnaire (OB-Quest) is designed as a standardized instrument to assess occupational balance. This study investigated the validity and reliability of the OB-Quest Turkish, which consisted of translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and analysis psychometric properties phases. The factor structure of the OB-Quest indicated a good model fit. The criterion-related validity showed a positive correlation with Beck Depression Inventory and a negative correlation with the 12-item Short Form Survey. The OB-Quest-Turkish showed questionable internal consistency and an excellent correlation between test-retest.
- YayınAçık ErişimWhat Information Do Teenagers with Idiopathic Scoliosis and Their Families Need When First Diagnosed?(Erkan Mor, 2021) Çolak, Tuğba Kuru; Akçay, Burçin; APTİ, ADNAN; Çolak, İlker; Bettany-Saltikov, JosetteObjective: The aim of this study was to determine the information needs of individuals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and theirfamilies when the disease was first diagnosed.Materials and Methods: A total of 117 patients with AIS and their parents volunteered to participate in this study. A survey developed specificallyto assess the information needs of AIS patients and their families was sent by e-mail. Of the AIS patients, 59.8% were aged >16 years andcompleted the survey alone, and 40.2% were aged <16 years and they completed the survey together with their parents.Results: The results of this study demonstrated that in the initial diagnosis, scoliosis could be observed even if the angle was <20°. Generally,scoliosis was first noticed by the child’s mother. As expected, at the time of the initial diagnosis, the children diagnosed as having scoliosis wereupset and confused and their parents also felt upset and worried. The information most needed was reported to be answers to the questions of“Will it get better, what are the causes of scoliosis?”, “What is scoliosis and what are the possible treatment options?”, and the least frequentlyasked question was “Will surgery be needed?”.Conclusion: Clear, accurate, complete, and personalized information is required by patients and their families. This information is essential inenabling patients to make major decisions and to take ownership and responsibility for the decision. Involvement in decision-making helps toimprove compliance with treatment and finally also improves satisfaction with the agreed treatment method used.