Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü / Department of Nutrition and Dietetic

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  • Publication
    Open Access
    Evaluation of the Amount and Type of Beverages Consumed by University Students
    (Balıkesir Üniversitesi, 2021) BATAR, NAZLI; ÖZUĞURLU, İREM BERFE; KOÇAK, BETÜL; Sevdin, Sezen; Hamurcu, Pınar
    Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effect of beverage consumption amount and type on body composition of the university students. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire form that contains beverage consumption questions was applied to 201 students studying at the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul Kültür University. The research data were evaluated using the SPSS 25th version program. Results: Of students participated in this study, 91.5% were female and 8.5% male. All 201 students who participated in this study were the students of Nutrition and Dietetics Department. The average age of these students was 20.5±2.1 years. Anthropometric measurements of the students were done, and the mean height was 166.1±7.6 cm, body weight was 59.7±11.3 kg, BMI was 21.54±3.1 kg / m², and hip circumference was 93.6±8.9 cm. In the study, significant relationship was found between BMI and beer types (p=0.028), wine (p=0.019), hard drinks (p=0.016), mineral water and soda (p=0.030) consumption amounts. A very weak statistically significant positive correlation was found between the daily sugared tea consumption and the body weight of university students (rs=0.149; p=0.035). It was observed that there was a statistically positive and weakly significant relationship between daily energy drink consumption and the body weight (rs=0.202; p=0.004). A very weak statistically significant positive correlation was found between the daily consumption of energy drinks and the BMI value (rs=0.163; p=0.021). Conclusion: It was concluded that depending on the consumption amount and variety of the beverages, beverage consumption has a relationship with body weight and BMI.
  • Publication
    Restricted
    Lockdown Changed Us in Turkey Eating Behaviors, Depression Levels, and Body Weight Changes During Lockdown
    (Mattioli 1885, 2021) BİÇER, NİHAN ÇAKIR; Baş, Murat; Köse, Gizem; Duru, Pırıl Şenol; Baş, Dilşat; Karaca, Esen; Köseoğlu, Selen
    Nationwide lockdown is a proven strategy to decrease inter-human transmission of the COVID-19. Prolonged home stay may be associated with some potential side effects as weight gain, depression, physical inactivity, unbalanced diet, and behavioral addiction disorders. During March-May of the social lockdown, Turkish adults (n:2955) completed an online sociodemographic form, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ)-21. During lockdown, 51.1% of the participants gained weight and TFEQ-21, emotional and uncontrolled eating scores were increased (p<0.001). Analysis showed that incraese in body weight was significantly related to the TFEQ-21 score, depression level, having a disease, decreased exercise, increased alcohol consumption, dismissal from work and reduced smoking (p<0.001). There were significant changes in uncontrolled and emotional eating, and cognitive restriction during the lockdown period. Additionally, changes in eating habits and physical activity may influence weight gain.
  • Publication
    Restricted
    Assessment of Nutritional Status, Body Composition and Blood Biochemical Parameters of Patients Following Sleeve Gastrectomy: 6 Months Follow Up
    (Elsevier, 2021) BATAR, NAZLI; Demir, Halime Pulat; Bayram, Hatice Merve
    Background and aims: Today, Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has recently become the most common bariatric procedure among various bariatric surgical procedures due to its advantages. The aim of this study is to investigate nutritional status, body composition and biochemical parameters following SG. Methods: This was a prospective study, the subjects were patients who underwent SG at a special obesity clinic in Istanbul, Turkey, between 01.05.2017 and 01.11.2017. The mean body mass index (BMI) of the participants was 42.15 +/- 4.84 kg/m(2) for men and 41.44 +/- 4.34 kg/m(2) for women, preoperatively. Nutritional status, some anthropometric measurements and blood sampling were taken at each visit. Data were collected and analyzed for the present study at the following periods: pre-operation (pre-op), 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after surgery. Results: A total of 47 SG patients (20 men, 27 women) were evaluated. The mean BMI was 30.23 +/- 3.56 kg/m(2) for men and 30.35 +/- 4.36 kg/m(2) for women after 6 months and the amount of excess weight loss (EWL) increased in the 3 months (p <.001). Mean energy, fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B-1, niacin, vitamin B-12, folate, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, phosphorus and iodine were above the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) recommendations. A significant association was found between protein intake and fat free mass loss in both genders after SG at 6 months (p <.05). Conclusion: Nutrition deficiencies are common for patients after SG. Therefore, it is important to routinely monitor these patients with a professional team. (C) 2021 European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Effect of Probiotic Supplementation After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy on Constipation and Gastrointestinal Quality of Life
    (Doç. Dr. Mustafa Hasbahçeci, 2021) Yıldız, Nida; Baş, Murat; Coşkun, Halil; Yardımcı, Erkan; BATAR, NAZLI
    In this study, we aimed to investigate the early effect of probiotic supplementation after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) on constipation and gastrointestinal quality of life compared to control group. Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized clinical trial. Participants were recruited to Bariatriklab Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Center for LSG. All patients were divided into 2 groups as probiotic and control by using simple randomization. The probiotic group consumed Bifidobacterium animalis lactis BB-12 strain as a probiotic supplement during 6 weeks after LSG. Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), Constipation Severity Instrument (CSI), Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life Scale (PAC-QOL), Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS), Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) of the patients were recorded before LSG and at the 2nd, 4th, 6th weeks after LSG. Results: The probiotic group had an average age of 37.00±8.92 years (18 female, 12 male), the control group had an average age of 41.03±11.29 years (23 female, 7 male). CSI (16.50 ± 14.76 vs. 31.37 ± 15.34), PAC-QOL (58.53 ± 12.59 vs 72.30 ± 19.70), GSRS (26.83 ± 9.14 vs. 37.93 ± 16.59) and total score mean were lower compared to the control group, GIQLI total score average (147.50 ± 11.79 vs 136.87 ± 18.98) was found higher (p <0.05) in probiotic group. Conclusion: Probiotic supplementation improved the constipation and gastrointestinal quality of life in the early post-LSG period in the probiotic group compared to the control group.
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Evaluation of the Nutritional Status Changes of Resident Physicians Before and During the Covid-19 Pandemic
    (Doç. Dr. Mustafa Hasbahçeci, 2021) BATAR, NAZLI; PAK, CEREN; TÜFEKÇİ, R. NÜKRA; Koçak, Betül; ÖZÇALKAP, RÜMEYSA; Pak, Pelin; Arıca, Seçil
    This study was conducted to determine nutritional changes in the working environment of resident physicians before and during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: Resident physicians working at Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşçıoğlu City Hospital and who agreed to participate were included in the study. Data were collected using an online questionnaire method developed by the researchers for determining demographic characteristics and nutritional changes in the study participants. Results were analyzed with the SPSS statistical program. Results: The COVID-19 outbreak affected the nutritional status of 82.2% of the resident physicians. The rate of physicians trying to eat a healthy diet during the pandemic was 79.1%. However, the number of physicians who increased their consumption of fruits and vegetables during the epidemic was 58.2%. During the pandemic, water consumption of the resident physicians was evaluated, and a 51.1% decrease in water consumption was found. While 78.3% of the physicians slept 6–8 hours per night before the pandemic, this rate decreased to 56.6% during the pandemic while the number of physicians who slept for 1 to 5 hours increased to 38% during the Covid-19 outbreak. A significant relationship between sleep duration before and during the pandemic was found (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The Covid-19 outbreak has greatly and continues to affect the living standards of resident physicians. During the study period, it was observed that the diet and sleep patterns of resident physicians who worked in an intense environment had been disrupted.