WoS İndeksli Yayınlar / WoS Indexed Publications

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    Mother–Child Interactions During Shared Reading With Digital and Print Books
    (Routledge, 2020) ÖZTÜRK, GÜLŞAH; Hill, Susan
    This study explored the quality of interactions in mother–child shared reading with a print book and with an electronic book on an i-Pad. The study involved a Turkish mother and her 5-year-old son who were observed at home when reading the printed book Ay’ı kim çaldı? (Who stole the moon?) and its exact digital match. The shared book reading interactions were analysed in terms of (a) the amount of talk with the different book formats and (b) the content of the mother–child talk including the focus of the talk, expansion of ideas and behavioural-related talk. The results revealed that print book reading engaged the child in higher-level thinking compared to digital book reading. There was greater frequency of non-immediate talk in the print book reading compared to the digital book reading. Also, results suggested that the digital book encouraged more behaviour-related talk related to negotiating the book sharing routine.
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    Experimental Behaviour and Failure of Beam-Column Joints with Plain Bars, Low-Strength Concrete and Different Anchorage Details
    (Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd., 2020) Coşgun, Cumhur; TÜRK, AHMET MURAT; Mangir, Atakan; Coşgun, Turgay; Kıymaz, Güven
    In framed structures, both steel and reinforced concrete, beam-column joints play a very crucial role in terms of seismic resistance. Under the effects of high lateral seismic loads, beam-column joints are subjected to high forces and moments and their behaviour have a significant influence on the response of the structure. Poor seismic performance of inadequately detailed joints can lead to the total or partial collapse of reinforced concrete frame structures. The use of low strength concrete, plain reinforcing bars, problematic anchorage details and inadequate transverse reinforcement in beam-column joints are the factors increasing the failure risk of the structures during severe earthquakes. In this paper, an experimental study on the cyclic behaviour of reinforced concrete exterior beam-column joints is presented. The study aims at investigating the effects of the longitudinal beam reinforcement anchorage detail on the joint performance and quantifying the level of contribution of retrofitting the joints by fiber reinforced polymer sheets (FRP). Three different details were considered in the test program including the longitudinal reinforcement of the beam being anchored within the joint with 90-degree hooks, 180-degree hooks and straight bar (no hook). All of the test specimens were produced using low strength concrete and plain bars to represent the conditions of joints of existing deficient reinforced concrete building structures. In the first series of tests, four 2/3 scale reinforced concrete beam-column joint specimens were tested by adopting a displacement controlled and quasi-static load application method to assess the performance of joints with the above-mentioned anchorage details. The load was applied in a reversed cyclic fashion. The second series of tests were carried out on two additional specimens with the same details as described above but strengthened using FRP sheets. The response of the specimens were evaluated and compared in terms of load-drift, displacement hysteretic behaviour. It was found out that the problematic anchorage details have a very significant adverse effect on the seismic performance of the joints. On the other hand, FRP retrofitting has resulted in a significant increase in peak loads and sustained ductility particularly for the specimens for which reinforcement slippage was not a governing mode of failure.
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    Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Reliability, and Validity of a Turkish Version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-Turkish)
    (Springer Plenum, 2021) Aran, Orkun Tahir; Abaoğlu, Hatice; Çağlar, Gamze Ekici; AKEL, BURCU SEMİN; Aki, Esra; Karahan, Sevilay; Kayıhan, Hülya
    PurposeThe Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ) is an instrument based on the International Classification of Functioning Vocational rehabilitation core set. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity, reliability and cross-cultural adaptation of the WORQ to Turkish and evaluate its psychometric properties.MethodsThe cross-cultural adaptation and translation procedures were conducted following Beaton's guidelines. The test-re-test reliability was examined by Spearman Brown Coefficient (split half analysis), internal consistency was examined by Cronbach's alpha. Criterion related validity of the WORQ was determined by Beck Depression Inventory using Pearson correlation coefficient and known group differences regarding age, gender, work and educational levels using one-way ANOVA and t test. Construct validity was examined by confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS.ResultsTwo hundred and fifty-seven participants with disabilities were included to the study from seven different provinces of Turkey. The WORQ-Turkish showed excellent internal consistency (0.906), good test-retest reliability (0.811), and good construct validity (good model fit indices). Criterion related validity analysis showed medium correlations between WORQ and Beck Depression Inventory (p < 0.001), however there were no statistical significant differences regarding known group parameters (p > 0.05).ConclusionsIn this study, the cross-cultural adaptation, and validity and reliability of WORQ-Turkish self-reported version were examined and the results indicated that WORQ-Turkish was a valid and reliable scale for analyzing vocational rehabilitation process of people with disabilities.
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    Design Tactics for Enhancing the Adaptability of Primary and Middle Schools to the New Needs of Postpandemic Reuse
    (Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2021) Güzelci, Orkan Zeynel; Sen Bayram, Asena Kumsal; Alaçam, Sema; GÜZELCİ, HANDAN; Akkuyu, Elif Işık; Sencan, İnanç
    Purpose - The aim of this study is to present design tactics (DTs) for supporting the adaptability of existing primary and middle school buildings into the emerging needs of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The study introduces a novel algorithmic model for postoccupancy evaluation of the existing school buildings and provides solutions to enhance the adaptability of these buildings. Design/methodology/approach - This study employs the DTs defined by the authors, integration of DTs to the algorithmic model and tests the usability of the proposed model in the selected sample set. The sample set consists of four primary and middle school buildings with different architectural qualities. The degrees of flexibility of the existing sample set are evaluated depending on the outcomes of the implementation. Findings - The degrees of flexibility are achieved as a result of execution of the algorithmic model for each selected school building. Initial results of the case studies show that the flexibility of a school building is highly related to affordances and design decisions of the plan layout which were considered in the initial phases of the design process. Architectural qualities such as open plan and having sufficient voids in the interior and exterior space become prominent factors for ensuring flexibility. Originality/value - Developing a systematic approach to the adaptation problem of primary and middle school buildings to postpandemic reuse is a novel research topic. Apart from this contextual originality, the proposed taxonomy for postpandemic reuse in terms of three levels of adaptation is a new conceptual framework. Moreover, the propos
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    Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors and Quality of Life After Sleeve Gastrectomy
    (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2020) Üstündağ, Hülya; GÜL, ASİYE; Özkaya, Birgül; Zengin, Neriman
    The aim of this study was to evaluate healthy lifestyle behaviors and the quality of life of obese individuals in 3-12 months after sleeve gastrectomy. The study is a descriptive design and was conducted at the obesity surgery outpatient clinic of a government hospital between May and December 2017. The study sample included 172 patients agreeing to participate. Data were gathered with a questionnaire composed of questions about sociodemographic features, the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II), and the WHO Quality of Life BREF-TR (WHOQOL-BREF-TR). The total HPLP II score was above average; participants had the highest and lowest scores for the subscales spiritual growth and physical activity, respectively. The total score for the WHOQOL-BREF-TR was above average. The highest and lowest scores were obtained for the subscales psychological health and social relations, respectively. There was a significant correlation between the scores for HPLP II and its subscales and the scores for WHOQOL-BREF-TR. Promotion of health and a healthy lifestyle need to be an integral part of health services provided for patients after sleeve gastrectomy.