Psikoloji Bölümü / Department of Psychology

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Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 123
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Other Side of the Coin
    (Marmara Üniversitesi, 2022) ERBAY, ELİF ÖZGE; Üçok, Dilay Işılay
    The study aims to discover the probable roles of cultural characteristics in the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and workplace ostracism which is a critical phenomenon among employees. It was designed in a causal model claiming that there are moderating effects of collectivism and belief in collective emotions in the relationship between OCB and workplace ostracism. 309 employees were included randomly in Turkey, and correlation and regression analyses were conducted to test the hypothesis. Unlike similar studies and the expected relationship in our hypotheses, OCB and workplace ostracism were found negatively correlated. Moreover, neither organizational collectivism nor employees’ belief in collective emotions had a moderating role in this relationship. The study showed that the dark side of the OCB does not work for the Turkish culture, although its collectivist features. It is evident that globalization makes the collectivist organizations’ strict norms and rules more flexible and loosens the employees’ collectivist beliefs. Regardless of the cultural characteristics, the study also underlines that workplace ostracism should be prevented with appropriate management strategies like encouraging employees to be engaged in citizenship behaviors.
  • Publication
    Open Access
    A Randomized-Controlled Trial of EMDR Flash Technique on Traumatic Symptoms, Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Life of Quality With Individuals Who Have Experienced a Traffic Accident
    (Frontiers Media SA, 2022) Yaşar, Alişan Burak; Konuk, Emre; KAVAKCI, ÖNDER; Uygun, Ersin; Gündoğmuş, İbrahim; Taygar, Afra Selma; Uludağ, Esra
    The Flash Technique of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is widely recognized for its effectiveness in reducing the effects of emotional responses associated with traumatic memories. Using a randomized-controlled trial methodology, this study attempts to establish the efficacy of the EMDR Flash Technique. This study's sample includes volunteers who were involved in traffic accidents and were given the randomized EMDR Flash Technique and Improving Mental Health Training for Primary Care Residents (mhGAP) Stress management module. The participants were given a socio-demographic data form, the Depression-Anxiety-Stress 21 scale (DASS-21), the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), and the WHOQOL Quality of Life scale. Participants were evaluated using measurements taken before and after the application, as well as a one-month follow-up. The mean age of the participants was 36.20 (11.41) years and 82.1% (n = 32) were female. The DASS-21 Anxiety (eta(2) = 0.085), IES-R Intrusion (eta(2) = 0.101), Avoidance (eta(2) = 0.124), Total (eta(2) = 0.147), and WHOQOL-BREF Psychological (eta(2) = 0.106) score improvements of the EMDR Flash Technique group were shown to be statistically significant when compared to the mhGAP group. However, no statistically significant difference in the DASS-21 Depression, Stress, Impact of Event Scale-Revised Hyperarousal WHOQOL-BREF General Health, Physical, Social Relationships, and Environment component scores was reported between the two groups. The present study's findings clearly demonstrate that the EMDR Flash technique, when applied to persons involved in traffic accidents, is successful in improving anxiety, intrusion, avoidance, total traumatic stress, and mental quality of life symptoms for at least 1 month. We believe that these findings will improve the reliability and applicability of the EMDR Flash Technique, which was tested for the first time in a clinical randomized-controlled trial (RCT).
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    An Exploration of the Subtypes of Male Youth Adjudicated for Sex Offenses: A Latent Class Analysis Based on Personal, Offense, and Victim Characteristics
    (Sage Publications Inc., 2022) Büker, Hasan; Cohen, Achraf; ERBAY, AYHAN
    This study intended to explore possible variations among youth adjudicated for sexual offenses based on personal criminogenic factors, offense, and victim characteristics. Utilizing a data set collected from the juvenile court files in Turkey (n = 460), the Latent Class Analysis revealed that the study sample included three different subgroups with distinct features: "non-delinquent, peer victim-targeting," "non-delinquent, younger victim-targeting," and "delinquent, versatile" youth adjudicated for sex offenses. The first two of these groups were similar in terms of having low levels of delinquency, while the third group included the lowest number of youth with significantly broad delinquent activity patterns. These findings were in line with the results of previous studies, and the implications were discussed for future research and policy development.
  • Publication
    A New Viewpoint to Schema Modes and Mode Domains Through Polyvagal Theory: Could Schema Modes Be Just a Way of Coping?
    (Springer, 2022) Karaosmanoğlu, Hasan Alp; ATEŞ, NİDA; Köse Karaca, Bahar; Aytaç, Mert
    The aim of this study is to investigate how the schema modes defined in Schema Theory group together and accordingly question the conceptualization of schema modes considering the theories combining evolutionary, neuroscientific, and psychological point of views in psychology literature. It was hypothesized that there would be differences in the categorization and conceptualization of schema modes conceptualized by Schema Theory based on Polyvagal Theory. The sample of the study consists of 2032 participants aged between 18 and 71 years old (M = 36.00, SD = 14.312) who applied to a psychotherapy center in Istanbul working with the approach of Schema Therapy. Short Schema Mode Inventory was applied to the participants. According to the results of the second-order factor analysis, compliant surrenderer, healthy adult, punitive parent, happy child, and detached protector modes were clustered in the first factor. Impulsive child, enraged child, condescending, and easily bored child modes were loaded under the second factor while demanding parent, detached self-soother, and status-seeking modes were loaded under the third factor. When the results were evaluated with respect to Polyvagal Theory, it was determined that the first factor represented the parasympathetic nervous system activation and consisted of schema modes that include surrender, freezing, and socialization responses while the second factor consisting of schema modes related to flight or fight responses represented the sympathetic nervous system activation. Moreover, the third factor consisted of the schema modes of the sympathetic nervous system, which included flight or fight responses with parasympathetic inhibition (vagal brake). The results were discussed in line with the literature.
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Sociodemographic and Clinical Factors Affecting Treatment Adherence in Adults with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
    (Aves, 2022) ERKAN, ARZU; Kılıç, Özge; Semerci, Bengi
    Background: This study aims to explore sociodemographic and clinical factors affecting medication adherence in adults with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder and elicit dysfunctional domains and comorbidities with a focus on gender differences. Methods: Patients were recruited from 2 specialty clinics using chart records in a natural treatment design. Adult attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder self-report scale, Diagnostic Interview for attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder in adults, was applied. Adherence is defined if the patient declared >= 80% adherence to medication throughout the last 8-12 weeks. Results: From 205 attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder patients (male =112 female = 93 (age (median) min-max = 29 (18-56)), 29% were non-adherent to attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder medication. In the multivariate analysis, having 2 or more comorbid disorders (P = .009), dysfunctions in academic/work (P= .049), and dysfunctions in family and other relationships (P = .047) increased the likelihood of adherence. Adherence rates did not significantly differ between methylphenidate and atomoxetine (P= .405). Women were more likely to have 2 or more comorbid psychiatric disorders (P = .004) and dysfunctions in social relationships (P= .001), free time activities, hobbies (P < .001), self-confidence, and self-image (P < .001). Results: Nearly one-third of adult patients with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder did not adhere to medication treatment. Comorbid psychiatric disorders and dysfunctions in life domains appear to increase the likelihood of adherence to attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder medications, possibly through increasing motivation for treatment. The effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy on compliance with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder medication should further be explored with prospective controlled studies. Conclusion: We suggest that future longitudinal studies use objective measures of adherence and confirm the role of dysfunctional life domains and comorbid psychiatric disorders as correlates of medication adherence.