Endüstri Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Industrial Engineering

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    Analyzing the Wastewater Treatment Facility Location/Network Design Problem via System Dynamics: Antalya, Turkey Case
    (Academic Press Ltd. - Elsevier Science Ltd., 2022) DEMİREL, DUYGUN FATİH; Gönül-Sezer, Eylül Damla; Pehlivan, Seyda Alperen
    Wastewater treatment facility location selection and network design issues have become attractive topics in the field of wastewater management due to increasing human population, resource scarcity, environmental concerns, and rise of necessity for sustainable solutions for future policy designs. Especially in areas where the demand for wastewater treatment increases dramatically over the years because of reasons such as high migration levels, rapid industrialization, and tourism activities, the problem turns out to be more critical and dynamic. The existing studies try to deal with the issue through mathematical modeling approaches based on optimization perspectives, which require significant computational effort. In this study, an alternative approach based on system dynamics (SD) method is proposed to examine the complex dynamic and nonlinear structure of waste-water treatment facility location selection and network design problems. The proposed SD simulation model is designed for a densely populated industrial and tourism spot, the city of Antalya, located on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. The model is capable of determining where and when to build a new wastewater treatment facility as well as generating the generic wastewater network structure to be built for the five districts situated in the city center based on cost issues for 2015-2040 period. In addition, the impacts of demand level changes for wastewater treatment due to population variations are analyzed via several scenarios to help decision makers to develop sustainable and cost-efficient management policies. Although SD is a frequently utilized approach in the water/wastewater management arena, to the best of our knowledge, this study is the first attempt to examine the complex and dynamic nature of wastewater treatment facility location selection and network design problems through SD approach.
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    Forecasting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Based on Different Machine Learning Algorithms
    (Springer International Publishing, 2022) ÜLKÜ, İLAYDA; Ülkü, Eyüp Emre
    With the increase in greenhouse gas emissions, climate change is occurring in the atmosphere. Although the energy production for Turkey is increased at a high rate, the greenhouse gas emissions are still high currently. Problems that seem to be very complex can be predicted with different algorithms without difficulty. Due to fact that artificial intelligence is often included in the studies to evaluate the solution performance and make comparisons with the obtained solutions. In this study, machine learning algorithms are used to compare and predict greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4), and fluorinated gases (F-gases) are considered direct greenhouse gases originating from the agriculture and waste sectors, energy, industrial processes, and product use, within the scope of greenhouse gas emission statistics. Compared to different machine learning methods, support vector machines can be considered an advantageous estimation method since they can generalize more details. On the other hand, the artificial neural network algorithm is one of the most commonly used machine learning algorithms in terms of classification, optimization, estimation, regression, and pattern tracking. From this point of view, this study aims to predict greenhouse gas emissions using artificial neural network algorithms and support vector machines by estimating CO2, CH4, N2O, and F-gases from greenhouse gases. The data set was obtained from the Turkish Statistical Institute and the years are included between 1990 and 2019. All analyzes were performed using MATLAB version 2019b software.
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    Implementation of MCDM Approaches for a Real-Life Location Selection Problem: A Case Study of Consumer Goods Sector
    (Springer-Verlag Singapore Pte Ltd., 2022) EMİR, OĞUZ
    Selecting a suitable warehouse location elevates the supply chain performance by reducing the lead times and increasing the response efficiency. Hence, location selection emerges as a strategic decision-making problem for competitive advantage. In this paper, a real decision-making problem of a multinational company operating in the consumer goods sector has been examined. The company's Turkey office is responsible for the operations in many regions such as Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, and Eastern Europe. A case study is handled by the logistics network planning team of the company to evaluate the new warehouse request coming from the regional sales team. For this decision problem, two different multi-criteria decision-making methods TOPSIS and VIKOR, are employed to evaluate four alternative scenarios. In addition, the AHP technique is also applied to determine criteria weights. The results of both methods revealed the same alternative as the best decision.
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    The Effect of Seed Value Choice in an Incomplete Fuzzy Preference Relations Guided by Social Influence
    (Springer International Publishing, 2022) ÇİÇEKLİ, SEVRA; Gürbüz, Tuncay
    Nowadays, there is an enormous increase in alternatives almost in every area with the development of technology. Thus, it has become harder for a single decision maker (DM) to completely evaluate each alternative for a problem on hand. In group decision making (GDM) problems, each DM has a different effect on the final decision because of their background. Also, it has been observed that DM's judgments are affected by those of other DMs in the group. This is defined as social influence (SI). Social Influence Network (SIN) is useful especially when there is incomplete preference information. In this paper, a proposed model has been used to demonstrate the effect of seed value choice in completion process of missing fuzzy information given by DMs.
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    An Analytical Approach to Machine Layout Design at a High-Pressure Die Casting Manufacturer
    (Springer-Verlag Singapore Pte Ltd., 2022) EMİR, OĞUZ; AKTİN, AYŞE TÜLİN
    Sahin Metal was founded in 1975 on a 7500 m(2) area in.Istanbul to supply high-pressure aluminum casting parts to a variety of industries, especially automotive manufacturers. 64 different products are produced with various routings through 14 workstations in the plant. Being a Tier 2 company, these products are then sent to Tier 1 firms and finally reach the leading vehicle manufacturers. Nowadays, increasing competition, changing customer demands, and quality targets bring the necessity of restructuring internal processes. In this regard, Sahin Metal plans to rearrange the existing machine layout to minimize the distance traveled between departments by taking into account the material flow. This study aims to determine an efficient machine layout design by implementing analytical approaches. The study is started by visiting the production facility and meeting with the company's engineers to determine the project roadmap. Following that, the data collection process is initiated, and ABC analysis is performed to define product classes. After this identification, two approaches are utilized simultaneously. The Hollier method is employed to find a logical machine arrangement. In addition, a mathematical model based on the Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP) is developed to obtain the optimum machine layout. The developed integer nonlinear model is solved by CONOPT using GAMS software under various scenarios. Finally, these results are compared with the existing system, and a convenient layout design is proposed to the company.