- PublicationOpen AccessYeni Medya Aracı Bilgisayar Oyunlarında Toplumsal Cinsiyetin İnşası(The Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication, 2012-10) Kan, DenizThe developments in information Technologies have given rise to the computer games which forms the new information technologies. Today, the computer games which have developed since 1960s have an important role in the daily life in order to manipulate the social life. In this sense, computer games are not only for fun. Besides, they reflect the gender ideology. In these circumstances, the social differences such as language, religion, race and sex occur in a reproduction process. Especially when this study is examined on the basis of sexuality, it will question how the gender is reproduced in computer games. In this manner, the games which will be used in this study, have been selected from the games produced in Turkey and all over the world, with the intentional sampling method; and examined within the framework of feminist doctrines. Furthermore it is observed that the determined sexual roles have been reproduced according to gender ideology.
- PublicationOpen AccessVisual Culture In The New Communication Environment: E-Government As A Case Study(The Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication, 2012-10) Erdal, Cengiz; TR29933Emerging of internet and broadband connection enabling large amount of information to be transferred from one point to another have caused many services to be transferred to virtual environment causing face to face communication is being replaced by screen to screen communication. Consequently, individuals encounter more and more visuals than ever before, which develops and forms the visual culture through new ICT tools. One of the conspicuous applications that shapes visual culture is e-government system requiring effective HCI applications to be put into practice in adapting users to get used to visual interactions changing their deeply rooted transaction habits. This study aims to reveal evolving nature of visual culture in virtual environment as a result of new information communication technology devices serving us as intermediaries between traditional services that we are used to get through face to face communication and their virtual applications in cyberspace. Egovernment system is examined as a case study as it is an outstanding example of visual culture forming tool.
- PublicationOpen AccessThe New Emergent Multimedia Content And Digital Rights Management(The Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication, 2012-10) Carvalho, Jeferson deCulture in the digital environment, after a drastic reduction in the cost of storage and editing, allowed remixing and faster sharing than in the analog age. The result of this new content is no longer published or presented through traditional forms known in the analog era. The old gatekeepers are no longer gatekeepers. Thus, copyright, once valid, conflicts with the dynamics of the digital culture. Digital Rights Management, used by a company as a tool, is an option to control and to guarantee economic interests. How can it become sustainable in order to create, to consume, to publish and to share multimedia content in this landscape?
- PublicationOpen AccessSosyal Medyanın Karanlık Yüzü(The Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication, 2012-10) Ersöz Karakulakoğlu, Selva; TR32137In this century, which we name as digital age, the information has being shown as numbers. Without a doubt, the internet has made a huge contribution to the structuring of digital process. Especially the social media, which has been in our lives since the mid-2000s, differentiated doing politics and transported it into the internet. Social media tools, alleged to be more democratic, more transparent, and more interactive, have received wide acclaim during the entire process. Within these tools which bring visuality in the foreground, the insurgencies are more romantic, elections campaigns are more colorful, and the protest actions are more attractive. In these terms, social media have been exalted regarding social participation and facility of organization. When we look at the other side, these freedom promising tools, in fact, shelter a market worth billions of dollars behind. Is social media really a tool for freedom and progress? What lies beneath the back side of this market? Are the work of amateur spirit which is developing on the internet is of poor quality? Is Facebook really affective during the so-called ‘Arab Spring’? From a critical point of view, this study aims to discuss the back and unseen side of social media. The theoretical framework will be based on the internet culture and the transformation of this culture in itself (Lovink, 2007) and YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, blogs and Wikipedia which are the part of internet culture and our visual culture since the mid-2000s, will be analyzed and what these tools really serve for will be discussed. As noted by internet critic Carr, " All the things Web 2.0 represents - participation, collectivism, virtual communities, amateurism - become unarguably good things, things to be nurtured and applauded, emblems of progress toward a more enlightened state. But is it really so? "(2005).
- PublicationOpen AccessSiyasal İletişim Kampanyalarında Sosyal Medyanın Kullanımı (12 Haziran 2011 Seçimleri “Twitter” Örneği)(The Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication, 2012-10) Genel, Mehmet Gökhan; TR103791The rapid advances in communications and information technologies have been altering the old structures and habits in a radical way. One of the leading structures within this transformation process is the media and its political practices. Media as a factor inluencing politics and/or political orientations has been a dominant subject of debate within media studies. The formats of political action by political actors has been going through a transformation on both formal and informal contexts in accordance with contemporary conditions. This transformation has become more meaningful especially with the advances in information technologies in the past two decades. Along with the transmission of political messages to the public via classical propaganda techniques and conventional media means, a new era of “digital propaganda and online politics” as a new trend and course has come to existence. The fact that Barack Obama has won the 2008 Presidency elections in the USA by efficient and successful use of social media strategy has put forward social media as a necessary subject of political communication. In the light of these realities, the aim of this study is to make a research on the use of social media by Turkish politicians. The axis of this study is the general elections in Turkey held in 12 June 2011 and, by taking the Twitter accounts of the political leaders of parties which entered the Turkish National Assembly into consideration, content analysis method has been applied.