Person: AKBULUT, FATMA PATLAR
Dr. Öğr. Üyesi
Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
- PublicationOpen AccessA Real-Time CNN-Based Lightweight Mobile Masked Face Recognition System(IEEE-Inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022) KOCAÇINAR, BÜŞRA; Taş, Bilal; AKBULUT, FATMA PATLAR; Çatal, Çağatay; Mishra, DeeptiDue to the global spread of the Covid-19 virus and its variants, new needs and problems have emerged during the pandemic that deeply affects our lives. Wearing masks as the most effective measure to prevent the spread and transmission of the virus has brought various security vulnerabilities. Today we are going through times when wearing a mask is part of our lives, thus, it is very important to identify individuals who violate this rule. Besides, this pandemic makes the traditional biometric authentication systems less effective in many cases such as facial security checks, gated community access control, and facial attendance. So far, in the area of masked face recognition, a small number of contributions have been accomplished. It is definitely imperative to enhance the recognition performance of the traditional face recognition methods on masked faces. Existing masked face recognition approaches are mostly performed based on deep learning models that require plenty of samples. Nevertheless, there are not enough image datasets containing a masked face. As such, the main objective of this study is to identify individuals who do not use masks or use them incorrectly and to verify their identity by building a masked face dataset. On this basis, a novel real-time masked detection service and face recognition mobile application was developed based on an ensemble of fine-tuned lightweight deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN). The proposed model achieves 90.40% validation accuracy using 12 individuals' 1849 face samples. Experiments on the five datasets built in this research demonstrate that the proposed system notably enhances the performance of masked face recognition compared to the other state-of-the-art approaches.
- PublicationMetadata onlyRestoring Fluorescence Microscopy Images by Transfer Learning From Tailored Data(IEEE-Inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022) AKBULUT, FATMA PATLAR; TÜREYEN, EZGİ DEMİRCAN; Kamasak, Mustafa E.In fluorescence microscopy imaging, noise is a very usual phenomenon. To some extent, it can be suppressed by increasing the amount of the photon exposure; however, it is not preferable since this may not be tolerated by the subjected specimen. Thus, a sophisticated computational method is needed to denoise each acquired micrograph, so that they become more adequate for further feature extraction and image analysis. However, apart from the difficulties of the denoising problem itself, one main challenge is that the absence of the ground-truth images makes the data-driven techniques less applicable. In order to tackle this challenge, we suggest to tailor a dataset by handpicking images from unrelated source datasets. Our tailoring strategy involves exploring some low-level view-based features of the candidate images, and their similarities to those of the fluorescence microscopy images. We pretrain and fine-tune the well-known feed-forward denoising convolutional neural networks (DnCNNs) on our tailored dataset and a very limited amount of fluorescence images, respectively to ensure both the diversity and the content-awareness. The quantitative and visual experimentation show that our approach is able to curate a dataset, which is significantly superior to the arbitrarily chosen source images, and well-approximates to the fluorescence images. Moreover, the combination of the tailored dataset with a few fluorescence data through the use of fine-tuning offers a good balance between the generalization capability and the content-awareness, on the majority of considered scenarios.
- PublicationRestrictedWearable Sensor-Based Evaluation of Psychosocial Stress in Patients With Metabolic Syndrome(Elsevier, 2020) AKBULUT, FATMA PATLAR; İkitimur, Barış; Akan, AydınThe prevalence of metabolic disorders has increased rapidly as such they become a major health issue recently. Despite the definition of genetic associations with obesity and cardiovascular diseases, they constitute only a small part of the incidence of disease. Environmental and physiological effects such as stress, behavioral and metabolic disturbances, infections, and nutritional deficiencies have now revealed as contributing factors to develop metabolic diseases. This study presents a multivariate methodology for the modeling of stress on metabolic syndrome (MES) patients. We have developed a supporting system to cope with MES patients' anxiety and stress by means of several biosignals such as ECG, GSR, body temperature, SpO(2), glucose level, and blood pressure that are measured by a wearable device. We employed a neural network model to classify emotions with HRV analysis in the detection of stressor moments. We have accurately recognized the stressful situations using physiological responses to stimuli by utilizing our proposed affective state detection algorithm. We evaluated our system with a dataset of 312 biosignal records from 30 participants and the results showed that our proposed method achieved an average accuracy of 92% and 89% in distinguishing stress level in MES and other groups respectively. Both being the focus of an MES group and others proved to be highly arousing experiences which were significantly reflected in the physiological signal. Exposure to the stress in MES and cardiovascular heart disease patients increases the chronic symptoms. An early stage of comprehensive intervention may reduce the risk of general cardiovascular events in these particular groups. In this context, the use of e-health applications such as our proposed system facilitates these processes.