Person: MERİÇ, SİNAN
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- PublicationMetadata onlyBiotic Stress-Tolerant Plants Through Small Rna Technology(Elsevier, 2020) ÇELİK, ÖZGE; MERİÇ, SİNAN; AYAN, ALP; ATAK, ÇİMENWith an increasing population around the world, the rapid loss of agricultural fields shows us the urgent importance of finding solutions to develop agricultural productivity. Besides industrialization, several effectors such as abiotic and biotic factors cause losses in crop productivity. Biotic factors threaten production and transportation of products worldwide. Bacteria, fungi, viruses, and oomycetes cause losses both pre- and postharvest. It is crucial to improve biotic stress-tolerant plants to overcome reduction in plant productivity. For many years, researchers focused on understanding plant defense mechanisms. Anatomical, physiological, and molecular adaptive mechanisms were investigated for several plant species. Besides the innate immunity mechanisms, including cross-talk, among the phytohormones to manage appropriate defense mechanisms against pathogens, new generation strategies in crop improvements are widely used in plant biotechnology. Although conventional breeding has importance in breeding new varieties, new technologies increase the possibility of success. Recently, new combinations of technologies have been proven effective to develop new cultivars. Small RNA technology is one of the developing crop improvement technologies relying on regulating specific genes together with their sequence identity. In this chapter, we focus on the small RNA technologies used in improvement of biotic stress-tolerant plants.
- PublicationMetadata onlyHeavy Metal Stress-Responsive Phyto-miRNAs(Springer Science and Business Media B.V., 2020) ÇELİK, ÖZGE; AYAN, ALP; MERİÇ, SİNAN; ATAK, ÇİMENHeavy metal stress is a leading abiotic stress factor in the twenty-first century as a reflection of industrial developments and extensive urbanization. Plants adopt several adaptation mechanisms to cope with deleterious effects of heavy metal stress. Biosynthesis of amino acids/organic acids, phytochelatins (PCs), metallothioneins (MTs), heat-shock proteins (HSPs), metal chelators, chaperons, ABC-type transporters, and CDF family metal transporters are among the heavy metal binding or transporting mechanisms in plants. This chapter emphasizes phyto-miRNAs related to these tolerance mechanism pathways. Moreover, transcription factors which are targeted by heavy metal-related phyto-miRNAs are also summarized under the effect of various heavy metals due to their intertwined regulatory mechanisms.
- PublicationRestrictedComparison of Tolerance Related Proteomic Profiles of Two Drought Tolerant Tomato Mutants Improved by Gamma Radiation(Elsevier B.V., 2021) ÇELİK, ÖZGE; AYAN, ALP; MERİÇ, SİNAN; ATAK, ÇİMENLycopersicon esculentum L., also known as tomato, is an important industrial plant due to its products which worth billions of dollars annually, besides its nutritional value and health benefits. In this study, we investigated the two-dimensional protein expression profiles in drought tolerant mutant plants derived from industrial 5MX12956 tomato variety by Cs-137 gamma radiation source induced mutations. Drought tolerance of mutants were evaluated and confirmed by in vivo and in vitro methods. Eleven drought responsive protein spots were identified by two-dimensional electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF-MS. Identified proteins which presented differential expression under drought conditions were clustered under six distinct groups based on their cellular functions. These clusters are ATP and carbohydrate metabolism, mRNA processing and protein phosphorylation, oxidation reduction and stress response, signaling and supporting cytoskeleton. Our results contributed proteomic data to drought tolerance of our tomato mutants which were originated from drought susceptible 5MX12956 variety. They may also facilitate basis for future investigations into the genetic and physiological aspects of this tolerance. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.