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Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    A Novel Compact, Broadband, High Gain Millimeter-Wave Antenna for 5G Beam Steering Applications
    (IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., 2020) ÖZPINAR, HÜRREM; AKŞİMŞEK, HÜSEYİN SİNAN; Tokan, Nurhan Türker
    The millimeter-wave (mmWave) antennas for smartphones are one of the key components to complete the transition to 5G mobile networks. Although research and development of mmWave 5G antennas for cellular handsets are currently at the center of a significant research effort in both academia and telecommunication industry, a systematic antenna design approved by wireless community has not been proposed yet. With this communication, we propose a novel, high gain, wide band and compact mmWave 5G antenna, namely clover antenna for cellular handsets. The presented antenna has clover like conductor profile whose parameters can be adjusted to obtain high gain or wide band. The designed antennas are simulated with a widely used full-wave analysis tool. Numerical results of the mmWave antenna are confirmed successfully by the experimental results in ${{\text{24}}}$-${\text{28}}$ GHz band. The antenna achieves measured peak gain of ${\text{ 7.8}}$-${\text{9}}$ dBi in the band. Besides, with a ${\text{16}}$-element clover antenna array, the beam steering capability of the antenna is demonstrated. Beam steering between ${{ \pm \text{45}<^>\circ }}$ is achieved with low side lobe levels. Practical design considerations for the integration of the arrays in handset to obtain full-coverage in horizontal plane are investigated. The calculated spatial peak power density values of the proposed array on the outer surface of a head phantom are demonstrated for different scan angles.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Design of 24-28 GHz band 5G Antenna Based on Symmetrically Located Circular Gaps
    5G (fifth generation) cellular system is expected to work in a wide frequency range to meet the demand for mobile services and applications. Antennas will be addressed to the future 5G applications should pose superior characteristics, such as high gain and ultra-large bandwidth response by considering atmospheric absorption/free-space path loss on planned millimeter-wave frequency range of 5G communications. Therefore, antenna design for the future 5G applications is a challenging process. In this article we present a high-gain, broadband mm-Wave antenna based on a circular patch structure with a ground plane and resonator gaps. The designed antenna is analyzed using a widely used full-wave electromagnetic solver. The major antenna figure-of-merits including reflection coefficient, VSWR (voltage-standing wave ratio), antenna patterns in E- and H-planes, surface current distribution, antenna directivity and maximum gain, are obtained. The simulation results show that the gapped circular patch based design has the S11 response less than −10 dB in the frequency range of 21.6-28.8 GHz, which includes 24-28 GHz band of 5G cellular systems. Moreover, it is observed that the symmetrically located circular gaps on both top and bottom layers decrease the side lobe level under −10 dB value, and enhance the gain. We attribute the improvement in the antenna performance to the created current regions due to gaps hosting large vortex current distributions. With 10 mm × 13mm surface area, the proposed antenna demonstrates the peak gain of 9.44 dBi and the radiation efficiency of over 85%. High gain and compact size make this antenna suitable for coming 5G devices.