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Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Istiklal Avenue's Intangible Dimensions Related To Cultural Memory
    (2018-05) Sav, Sedef; DEMİR, ELİF GELMEZ; 263054
    Urban landscapes include social and cultural practices and values and the intangible dimensions of heritage as related to diversity and identity. According to UNESCO, all these practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cultural spaces, that communities, groups, and in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage. Through these cultural system elements that base the society's origins, the society links with the past and its previous generations. The intangible heritage, transmitted from generation to generation, is constantly recreated by communities and groups in response to their environment, their interaction with nature and their history, and provides them with a sense of identity and human creativity. istiklal Avenue in other words "Cadde-i Kebir/ Grande Rue de Pera ”, located in the historic Pera region, is among the significant areas with both tangible and intangible features regard to cultural heritage in Istanbul. Beyoğlu has hosted great civilizations throughout the history such as Roman Empire, Ottoman Empire. During the Ottoman Period, because of increase in Istanbul population and embassies were not asked to stay in Bab-ı Ali area most of the embassies resided in Beyoğlu in the 15th century. In the 16th century, French Embassy moved to Beyoğlu. Due to the French Embassy located in the area and other embassies moved Beyoğlu too such as English, Holland, and the minority population in Beyoğlu has increased significantly in the 17th century. Beyoğlu was the center of the trade so its development accelerated in the 19th century, istiklal Avenue encircled by buildings mostly from late 19th and early 20th centuries that were designed with different architectural styles. The avenue begins with the Galata Tower, a medieval Genoese structure, and reach out to the Taksim Square. It retains its popularity and host crowds for years. During the Ottoman period, it was one of the most popular spot among Ottomans, Europeans and local Levantines. The cosmopolitan avenue is surrounded by significant buildings and spaces in terms of political, historical and social aspects such as Deveaux Apartments, Cercle d’Orient, Narmanh Han, Taksim Maksemi and Metro Han. Social structure and its changes have been influential in the production of cultural heritage. Between Galatasaray and Taksim has filled with entertainment places, casinos, hotels, theaters. Among these important structures there were also temporary spaces that produced for social functions such as entertainment. Entertainment areas were in the forefront of these temporary spaces with their miraculous objects and talented entertainers.This study seeks to explore the intangible dimensions of istiklal Avenue related to cultural memory/heritage and focus on underline them in terms of sustaining social identity. To examine this, study reveals personal and governmental archives, news from old newspapers and reminiscence of society. Also, it observes and analyses the current situation of the avenue and its future scenarios.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    How Does "Stay Home" Transform a House? The Route Map of a Research
    COVID-19 pandemic caused transformation by influencing the physical and psycho-social status of houses, and by introducing different functions and needs which led to or will lead to changes in individuals' expectations from their houses. Drawing on this idea, this study allows for the detection of such changes through examination and for the consideration of future house arrangements, housing designs and their production by identifying the usage possibilities of existing houses. The research design is structured in three main steps. First step is the literature part that draws the conceptual framework of the study. Second step includes survey technique with use of panel design as a quantitative research method. In the research, third step has built with semi-structured interview to be deepen analyzing of the results of the quantitative part. The findings reached through this study have the potential to lead future house arrangements as well as housing production and design which are also significant in terms of innovative and creative housing designs studied within disciplines such as interior architecture and architecture. Sample of the research is the city of Istanbul which is first of the most affected cities from COVID-19 pandemic. Selecting a big and multi-component metropolis like Istanbul as research area for residential spaces brought different difficulties in the application processes of research methods while allowing the multidimensional examination of the subject. The research design proposed by this study possess the quality of a guiding sample for future scientific studies.
  • PublicationEmbargo
    Clock towers as the focus of city square: The changing scale of nusretiye clock tower
    (Istanbul Kultur Univ, Atakoy Campus, Bakırkoy, Istanbul, 34156, Turkey, 2018-01) ALTINTAŞ, MERİÇ; DEMİR, ELİF GELMEZ; 263054; 254187
    Tophane, with its historical and cultural heritage, is acknowledged to be one of the most significant districts of Istanbul. Formerly known for its gardens, the district has acquired a different identity after the Ottoman conquest of Istanbul in 1453. Tophane-i Amire, being the imparial armory which was established in the Ottoman period did not only name the region, but also altered the social and cultural profile of the district to a great extent. The region has suffered the great fires of Istanbul and been damaged many times by them, thus the architectural texture it possesses had undergone many changes both due to these disasters as well as political and governmental adjustments of the authority. In time, the growth and continuous territorial expansion of Ottoman dominion necessitated the innovations and advancements in the military along with the construction of additional buildings to the Tophane facilities. Together with the additional buildings, the area had once again acquired a distinct identity where civil and military architectural examples coexist. Following the effects of industrialization seen in the late 19th century, the escalating growth of the city, beginning in the early 20th century, has reached levels that prevent the perception of the integrity among Tophane facilities. After 1950, the starting of customs house constructions and the expropriation policies had changed Tophane beyond all recognition. Being completed in the second half of the 19th century, Nusretiye (Tophane) clock tower is known to be the first clock tower of Istanbul. During the period of its construction, the clock tower had been in the center of the military drill field, defining a circumferential open space by itself. However, due to the expropriation policy of the 1950s, it was taken to another spot where the customs buildings had been located. With this study, a brief examination of Nusretiye clock tower has been conducted to understand its relation to the surroundings with a projection from past to present. To analyze and discuss the established relationships in depth, the Tophane Square and the Tophane Barracks, as architectural representatives of the region and era, were also included in the scope of the study. The study aimed to reveal and present the current conditions of the clock tower, to remark the significance of the surrounding architectural interactions in the perception of an architectural heritage and to discuss the effects of the changes made to the Tophane district.