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Dr. Öğr. Üyesi

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Now showing 1 - 8 of 8
  • Publication
    Wide-Band Gain Enhancement of a Pyramidal Horn Antenna with a 3D-Printed Epsilon-Positive and Epsilon-Near-Zero Metamaterial Lens
    (Cambridge University Press, 2021) Keskin, Nesem; AKŞİMŞEK, HÜSEYİN SİNAN; Turker Tokan, Nurhan
    In this article, we present a simple, low-cost solution for the gain enhancement of a conventional pyramidal horn antenna using additive manufacturing. A flat, metamaterial lens consisting of three-layer metallic grid wire is implemented at the aperture of the horn. The lens is separated into two regions; namely epsilon-positive and epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) regions. The structure of the ENZ region is constructed accounting the variation of relative permittivity in the metamaterial. By the phase compensation property imparted by the metamaterial lens, more focused beams are obtained. The simulated and measured results clearly demonstrate that the metamaterial lens enhances the gain over an ultra-wide frequency band (10-18 GHz) compared to the conventional horn with the same physical size. A simple fabrication process using a 3D printer is introduced, and has been successfully applied. This result represents a remarkable achievement in this field, and may enable a comprehensive solution for satellite and radar systems as a high gain, compact, light-weighted, broadband radiator.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Design of 24-28 GHz band 5G Antenna Based on Symmetrically Located Circular Gaps
    5G (fifth generation) cellular system is expected to work in a wide frequency range to meet the demand for mobile services and applications. Antennas will be addressed to the future 5G applications should pose superior characteristics, such as high gain and ultra-large bandwidth response by considering atmospheric absorption/free-space path loss on planned millimeter-wave frequency range of 5G communications. Therefore, antenna design for the future 5G applications is a challenging process. In this article we present a high-gain, broadband mm-Wave antenna based on a circular patch structure with a ground plane and resonator gaps. The designed antenna is analyzed using a widely used full-wave electromagnetic solver. The major antenna figure-of-merits including reflection coefficient, VSWR (voltage-standing wave ratio), antenna patterns in E- and H-planes, surface current distribution, antenna directivity and maximum gain, are obtained. The simulation results show that the gapped circular patch based design has the S11 response less than −10 dB in the frequency range of 21.6-28.8 GHz, which includes 24-28 GHz band of 5G cellular systems. Moreover, it is observed that the symmetrically located circular gaps on both top and bottom layers decrease the side lobe level under −10 dB value, and enhance the gain. We attribute the improvement in the antenna performance to the created current regions due to gaps hosting large vortex current distributions. With 10 mm × 13mm surface area, the proposed antenna demonstrates the peak gain of 9.44 dBi and the radiation efficiency of over 85%. High gain and compact size make this antenna suitable for coming 5G devices.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    A Broadband, Polarization Insensitive, Wide Incidence-Angle-Slotted Ring/Lumped Resistor-Based Metamaterial Absorber for K-u-Band Applications
    (Istanbul University - Cerrahpaşa, 2021) AKŞİMŞEK, HÜSEYİN SİNAN
    A broadband-slotted ring/lumped resistor-based metamaterial absorber (MA) is presented in this study for K-u-band microwave applications. Numerical results of the MA indicate that it can achieve a broadband absorption ratio of more than 85% in the frequency range of 12.4-17.6 GHz and has active polarization insensitivity and wide incidence-angle response over the entire operation band between 12.4-17.6 GHz. The designed MA is ultrathin around lambda/14.7 in terms of wavelength at its lowest operation frequency, corresponding to 1.7 mm. The proposed unit-cell structure of the MA is novel, consisting of a slotted ring with eight symmetrically-located lumped resistors, FR-4 material, and a metallic ground, which is compatible with low-cost PCB fabrication; therefore, the MA is suitable for practical microwave applications in the K-u-band.
  • Publication
    A Novel Compact, Broadband, High Gain Millimeter-Wave Antenna for 5G Beam Steering Applications
    (IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., 2020) ÖZPINAR, HÜRREM; AKŞİMŞEK, HÜSEYİN SİNAN; Tokan, Nurhan Türker
    The millimeter-wave (mmWave) antennas for smartphones are one of the key components to complete the transition to 5G mobile networks. Although research and development of mmWave 5G antennas for cellular handsets are currently at the center of a significant research effort in both academia and telecommunication industry, a systematic antenna design approved by wireless community has not been proposed yet. With this communication, we propose a novel, high gain, wide band and compact mmWave 5G antenna, namely clover antenna for cellular handsets. The presented antenna has clover like conductor profile whose parameters can be adjusted to obtain high gain or wide band. The designed antennas are simulated with a widely used full-wave analysis tool. Numerical results of the mmWave antenna are confirmed successfully by the experimental results in ${{\text{24}}}$-${\text{28}}$ GHz band. The antenna achieves measured peak gain of ${\text{ 7.8}}$-${\text{9}}$ dBi in the band. Besides, with a ${\text{16}}$-element clover antenna array, the beam steering capability of the antenna is demonstrated. Beam steering between ${{ \pm \text{45}<^>\circ }}$ is achieved with low side lobe levels. Practical design considerations for the integration of the arrays in handset to obtain full-coverage in horizontal plane are investigated. The calculated spatial peak power density values of the proposed array on the outer surface of a head phantom are demonstrated for different scan angles.
  • Publication
    Graphene actively Q-switched lasers
    (2017-05-05) Li, Diao; Xue, Hui; Qi, Mei; Wang, Yadong; Chekurov, Nikolai; Kim, Wonjae; Li, Changfeng; Riikonen, Juha; Ye, Fangwei; Dai, Qing; Ren, Zhaoyu; Bai, Jintao; Hasan, Tawfique; Lipsanen, Harri; Sun, Zhipei; AKŞİMŞEK, HÜSEYİN SİNAN; 107154
    Graphene electro-optic modulators (GEOMs) are emerging as a viable alternative to conventional material-based modulators mainly due to their broadband and ultrafast performance. These GEOMs with combined advantages of small footprint and low energy consumption can potentially enable various high-performance applications that are not possible using conventional approaches. Here, we report the first actively Q-switched lasers with a GEOM. In contrast to the previously reported lasers that are passively modulated by two-dimensional layered material-based saturable absorbers, our actively modulated laser concept represents significant advantages, such as electrically tunable output parameters (e.g. output repetition rate, pulse duration and pulse energy) and electro-optical synchronization. Using a single GEOM, we generate broadband Q-switched pulses at  ~1.55 and 2 μm with output energies of up to 123 nJ. This indicates the broadband pulse generation capability of the graphene-based active devices, superior to widely used bulk material-based active modulation approaches. Our results demonstrate a simple and viable design towards broadband, high-repetition-rate, electrically modulated ultrafast lasers for various applications, such as telecommunications and spectroscopy.
  • Publication
    TEM Wave Scattering by a Step Discontinuity on the Outer Wall of a Coaxial Waveguide
    (2013-08) Çınar, Gökhan; Nilsson, Börje; Nordebo, Sven; AKŞİMŞEK, HÜSEYİN SİNAN; 107154; 35397
    In this paper, the propagation of TEM waves along a coaxial waveguide with a step discontinuity on its outer wall is investigated rigorously by applying the direct Fourier transform and reducing the problem into the solution of a modified Wiener-Hopf equation. The solution for the field terms are determined in terms of an infinite number of unknown coefficients, which satisfy an infinite set of linear algebraic equations. These equations are solved numerically and the effect of area ratio is presented graphically at the end of the analysis. The same problem is also analyzed by applying the mode-matching technique and the results of the two approaches are compared. It is observed numerically that the Wiener-Hopf technique provides a better convergence than the mode-matching technique.
  • Publication
    Graphene-MoS2-Metal Hybrid Structures for Plasmonic Biosensors
    (Elsevier, 2018-12-01) Jussila, Henri; Sun, Zhipei; AKŞİMŞEK, HÜSEYİN SİNAN; 107154
    Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) biosensors are widely used for real-time label-free detection in medical diagnostics, pharmaceutical researches and food safety. Although there is a growing interest in miniaturization of biosensors for self-detection and diagnostics at out of laboratory, the performance of conventional metal SPR sensors is still limited. In this paper, we propose graphene–MoS 2 – metal hybrid structures based plasmon sensors under the best minimum light intensity approach, which represents the performance analysis in case of the lowest reflected light strength. It is demonstrated that the metal thickness can be reduced from 55 nm to 32 nm and 37 nm meanwhile the performance of the background sensor can be improved by 87% and 13% with the 4 additional MoS2 and graphene layers, respectively. We show that MoS2 based SPR devices provide much better sensitivity performance than graphene based devices. Our results reveal the another promising property of MoS2: The sensitivity of SPR sensors can be greatly increased with a few number of MoS2 within the angular SPR system while reducing the size of the device, especially for particular applications such as detecting a single molecule and biosensing at low biomolecule concentration. Furthermore, we show that the equivalent optical properties of multilayered nanostructures also depend on the layer thickness which is a novel knowledge for the next studies on 2D material based SPR plasmonic devices.
  • PublicationEmbargo
    New approach for thickness determination of solution-deposited graphene thin films
    (Amer Chemical Soc, 1155 16th St, Nw, Washington, Dc 20036 USA, 2017-06) Jussila, Henri; Albrow Owen, Tom; Yang, He; Hu, Guohua; Granqvist, Niko; Lipsanen, Harri; Howe, Richard C. T.; Sun, Zhipei; Hasan, Tawfique; AKŞİMŞEK, HÜSEYİN SİNAN; 107154
    Solution processing-based fabrication techniques such as liquid phase exfoliation may enable economically feasible utilization of graphene and related nanomaterials in real-world devices in the near future. However, measurement of the thickness of the thin film structures fabricated by these approaches remains a significant challenge. By using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), a simple, accurate, and quick measurement of the deposited thickness for inkjet-printed graphene thin films is reported here. We show that the SPR technique is convenient and well-suited for the measurement of thin films formulated from nanomaterial inks, even at sub-10 nm thickness. We also demonstrate that the analysis required to obtain results from the SPR measurements is significantly reduced compared to that required for atomic force microscopy (AFM) or stylus profilometer, and much less open to interpretation. The gathered data implies that the film thickness increases linearly with increasing number of printing repetitions. In addition, SPR also reveals the complex refractive index of the printed thin films composed of exfoliated graphene flakes, providing a more rigorous explanation of the optical absorption than that provided by a combination of AFM/profilometer and the extinction coefficient of mechanically exfoliated graphene flakes. Our results suggest that the SPR method may provide a new pathway for the thickness measurement of thin films fabricated from any nanomaterial containing inks.