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  • PublicationMetadata only
    Interpolation based pilot-aided channel estimation for STBC spatial modulation and performance analysis under imperfect CSI
    (INST Engineering Technology-Iet, Michael Faraday House Six Hills Way Stevenage, Hertford Sg1 2Ay, England, 2016-09-20) Doğan, Hakan; Başar, Ertuğrul; Panayırcı, Erdal; ACAR, YUSUF; GÜNTEKİN, BAHAR; 237377; 149116; 10331
    A combination of space-time block coding and spatial modulation (STBC-SM) has been recently proposed for multiple input-multiple output systems to obtain both spatial diversity gain and more capacity simultaneously while assuming the perfect channel state information (P-CSI) was available at the receiver. However, in practical scenarios the CSI is unknown to the receiver and should be estimated in order to detect the transmitted data in a reliable way. Therefore, channel estimation (CE) is a major challenge in designing the STBC-SM systems. In this study, the problem of CE is investigated and a new pilot-aided channel estimation (PA-CE) technique, coupled with an interpolation, is proposed for the STBC-SM systems operating in the presence of rapidly time-varying mobile channels. Several interpolation schemes such as the linear, nearest neighbour, piecewise cubic Hermite and the low-pass interpolations are applied and their performances are compared to determine the best suitable interpolation technique to be employed in STBC-SM systems. Bit error rate (BER) performance of the proposed CE technique is then investigated in time-varying channels with different modulation. Moreover, the pairwise error probability of the STBC-SM scheme is derived and its average bit error probability is evaluated analytically in the presence of CE errors.