Person: KABAK, MURAT
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Publication Metadata onlyIntertextuality and Nostalgia in Paolo Bacigalupi’s The Windup Girl(2019-04) KABAK, MURAT; 275466After the massive outbreaks of violence and catastrophes at the dawn of the twentieth century, experiences of dislocation and dissonance, as well as their reflection in the human psyche, nostalgia, captivated the interest of various disciplines from literary studies to politics. Although viewed through various lenses, nostalgia as a state of a wistful affection for the past still permeates the present discourses. These studies on nostalgia overlap with a rising trend in the Western literary canon, the surge of derivative forms of utopia. Building on the contemporary interdisciplinary approaches on nostalgia and dystopian tradition, this paper investigates the individual’s position in a dystopian setting with an emphasis on the experience of nostalgia in Paolo Bacigalupi’s novel The Windup Girl (2011). Set in a near future in which the world is dominated by mega companies, the novel exhibits intertextual features shaping its meaning through the readers’ knowledge of various myths, Biblical stories and canonical texts. The novel’s acknowledgement of a text prior to itself bears a thematic significance in terms of nostalgia. Hence, this paper aims to explore the web of textual relations from a perspective of nostalgia in the selected work. And retrospectively, through understanding the nature of the textual dialogue that The Windup Girl engages, we shall gain more insight into the relationship between dystopian novels and nostalgia. This paper aims to investigate how the novel problematizes the nostalgic attitude of four different characters through representing their inability to move on and to adapt themselves to their new environment. Publication Metadata onlyThrough the Darkness of Future Past’: How Twin Peaks: The Return Transformed Television(2018) KABAK, MURAT; 275466From The Fuller House to The X-Files and to Star Wars, cinema and television have witnessed a surge of revivals, remakes and continuations in the last decade. The obsession with the nostalgia and recapturing the past are so permeated into our visual culture that even Charlie Brooker's futuristic satire / technotopia Black Mirror had its fourth season premiere with an homage to Star Trek. As Laura Palmer promised to see Agent Cooper in 25 years in the first episode of Twin Peaks, the creators of the show, David Lynch and Mark Frost have revived the series 27 years after its final episode. Yet, the third season of Twin Peaks has managed to avoid the pitfalls of a revival through its deconstruction of memory and nostalgia. As the literature written on the first two seasons of Twin Peaks showed, the series has reinvented the television series both in terms of its genre and its distinct visual style. The focus of this paper; however, is the third season of the show and with an emphasis on the 8th, 22nd and 23rd episodes, this paper aims to analyze how the show's creators played with the viewer expectations to emphasize the impossibility of recapturing the past. I argue that Twin Peaks: The Return is a critique of a culture that is obsessed with nostalgia. Through the 18-hours third season of the show, the creators Lynch and Frost have not only transformed the series itself but our understanding of revivals and remakes. Publication Open AccessOn the Theme of Nostalgia in Paolo Bacigalupi’s Post-Apocalyptic Novel The Windup Girl(2019) KABAK, MURATAfter the massive outbreaks of violence and catastrophes at the dawn of the twentieth century, experiences of dislocation and dissonance, as well as their reflection in the human psyche, nostalgia, captivated the interest of various disciplines from literary studies to politics. Although viewed through various lenses, nostalgia as a state of a wistful affection for the past still permeates the present discourses. These studies on nostalgia overlap with a rising trend in the Western literary canon, the surge of derivative forms of utopia. Building on the contemporary interdisciplinary approaches on nostalgia and dystopian tradition, this paper investigates the individual’s position in a dystopian setting with an emphasis on the experience of nostalgia in Paolo Bacigalupi’s novel The Windup Girl (2009). This article aims to investigate the role of nostalgia in a post-apocalyptic dystopian setting with a focus on various experiences of nostalgia. I argue that Bacigalupi’s novel is a nuanced exploration of the experience of nostalgia and a meditation on the connection between nostalgia and utopianism, due to its engagement with both individual and collective experiences of nostalgia. Publication Open AccessMargaret Atwood’s “Oryx and Crake” as a Critique of Technological Utopianism(2021) KABAK, MURATWhile there are major works tracing the themes of belonging and longing for home in contemporary fiction, there is no current study adequately addressing the connection between dystopian novel and nostalgia. This paper aims to illustrate how the Canadian writer Margaret Atwood uses nostalgia as a framework to level a critique against technological utopianism in her dystopian novel Oryx and Crake (2003). The first novel in Atwood’s “MaddAddam Trilogy” problematizes utopian thought by focusing on the tension between two utopian projects: the elimination of all suffering and the perfection of human beings by discarding their weaknesses. Despite the claims of scientific objectivity and environmentalism, the novel exposes the religious and human-centered origins of Crake’s technological utopian project. Atwood’s Oryx and Crake is an ambiguous work of science fiction that combines utopian and dystopian elements into its narrative to criticize utopian thought. Publication Open AccessAn Evaluation of Liminality in Nadine Gordimer's July's People(2020-03) KABAK, MURATSet during a civil war in the apartheid South Africa, Nadine Gordimer's July's People is centred around the relationship between the Smales family and their former servant July. As the communal ties disintegrate in the novel, three objects play a vital role in our understanding of the characters. For the purposes of this study, these symbols not only help us to reveal the nature of spatial-temporal dislocation but also reveal Gordimer's commentary on the apartheid South Africa. This study aims to contribute the existing scholarship by focusing on the liminal/in-between experience in July's People through analyzing the novel's preoccupation with subject-object relationship. Publication Open AccessOn the Utopian Possibility in Ursula K. Le Guin’s The Dispossessed: A Lacanian Reading(2021-05-31) KABAK, MURATWritten in 1974, the American writer Ursula K. Le Guin’s The Dispossessed revolves around the central character Shevek’s self-appointed mission to improve the relationship between two planets, Anarres and Urras, by breaking down the walls that are separating these ideological enemies. The novel, in that sense, can be read as one man’s search for an ideal state, rather than a description of a utopian/anti-utopian state. Literary scholars generally focus on various aspects of The Dispossessed in terms of its anarchist politics, ecological politics, and revolutionary politics. This article; however, aims to approach the novel from a Lacanian perspective by addressing the protagonist’s psyche and his relation to the socio-symbolic orders in the novel. By focusing on the characterization of the relations between the subject and the other in an anarchist (as well as a capitalist culture) in The Dispossessed, this article aims to analyze how the novel provides a path towards an ideal state.