Publication:
Decrease of delta oscillatory responses is associated with increased age in healthy elderly

Date
2016-05
Authors
Emek Savaş, Derya Durusu
Güntekin, Bahar
Yener, Görsev G.
Başar, Erol
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Publisher
Elsevier Science Bv, Po Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands
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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in delta event-related oscillations (EROs) in younger and older healthy elderly subjects. We hypothesized that delta EROs were affected by age-related changes, which could be reflected in a visual oddball paradigm.

Method: The study included two groups of subjects, 17 younger healthy elderly (mean age: 63.1 +/- 2.8 years) and 17 gender- and education-matched older healthy elderly (mean age: 79.6 +/- 5.2 years), who performed a visual oddball paradigm. EEG was recorded from F-3, F-z, F-4, C-3, C-z, C-4, P-3, P-z, P-4, O-1, O-z and O-2 locations. Peak-to-peak amplitudes of delta (0.5-3 Hz) target ERO responses during the post-stimulus 0-800 ms time window were measured. Repeated measures of ANOVA was used to analyze four locations (frontal, central, parietal, occipital), at three sagittal (left, midline, right) sites. Independent t-tests were applied for post-hoc analyses.

Results: The older healthy elderly group had 16-25% lower values for the maximum peak-to-peak amplitudes of delta ERO compared with the younger healthy elderly group over frontal (p < 0.003), central (p < 0.0001) and parietal (p < 0.007) locations [F-3.95 = 4396, p = 0.015] Furthermore, there was a moderate negative correlation between age and C-z peak-to-peak amplitude of target delta responses [r = -0.401, p < 0.02], indicating the notion that peak-to-peak amplitude of C-z decreases as age increases.

Conclusion: In the present study younger healthy elderly showed significantly higher event-related delta responses than older healthy elderly at frontal, central and parietal locations. Moreover, delta ERO responses decreased in accordance with age. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Keywords
P300 , Event-related oscillations , Delta , Aging , Healthy elderly , Event-Related Potentials , Mild Cognitive Impairment , Life-Span Changes , Evoked-Potentials , Frequency-Analysis , Brain Oscillations , Theta-Oscillations , Inhibitory Control , Component Analysis , Gamma-Oscillation
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