Relations between the GNSS, InSAR, and the other techniques for prediction of earthquakes

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Urusan, Ahmet Y.
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Springer Heidelberg, Tiergartenstrasse 17, D-69121 Heidelberg, Germany
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It is a well-known fact that the earthquakes have a lot of different parameters. Modern technology allows us to observe an important part of these settings. For example, when an earthquake occurs, its location, time, and depth, etc., values are measured by a seismometer. Recently, using the modern technologies, Global Positioning System (GPS) and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) give us a chance to predict earthquakes in the short or long term. For avoiding the destruction the force of an earthquake can bring to human beings, it is inevitable to use the newer techniques. To predict out about the expected main shock, someone must begin to study firstly earthquakes which have already occurred. In this research, the seismometer and acceleration-meter data have been evaluated and compared by the geodetic measuring data of the InSAR and GPS data for Van earthquake on 23 October 2011. The area of research made out by the InSAR technique and the deformations produced by the GPS technique are being tested under centimeter precision. Additionally, the ionospheric total electron content values obtained by the GPS method have been considered, and the ionospheric distortions acquired from the closest Continuously Operating Reference Stations-Turkey stations, particularly Muradiye station, have been observed. Also, they have been interpreted geophysically.
Anahtar kelimeler
Earthquake, Seismometer, InSAR, GNSS, Ionosphere, Landers Earthquake, Precursors, Emissions, Radar