Publication:
Parameters that affect the comfort level of pregnant women before cesarean section: Fasting and anxiety

Date
2019-12
Authors
Kızılkaya, Tuba
Gül, Asiye
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Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, STE 800, 230 PARK AVE, NEW YORK, NY 10169 USA
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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate whether fasting time and anxiety parameters affect pregnant women's preoperative comfort levels.

Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study.

Methods: Data were collected from pregnant women using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), General Comfort Questionnaire (GCQ), and Numerical Rating Scale.

Findings: The mean age of the participants was 29.15 +/- 4.54 years, and the spinal anesthesia rate was 65.5%. The mean fasting time was 13.16 +/- 2.38 hours for solid food and 10.57 +/- 2.91 hours for liquid food. The mean GCQ score was 129.82 +/- 12.66, while the mean STAI subscale scores were 46.72 +/- 9.37 and 43.65 +/- 7.95. Moderately negative correlation was found between the total GCQ and STAI scores, while weak positive correlation was observed between the STAI score and the thirst sensation and mouth dryness.

Conclusions: The preoperative process negatively affects comfort levels of pregnant women. Interventions that reduce the fasting time and anxiety level of pregnant women will increase comfort.

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Keywords
Anxiety , Cesarean Section , Comfort , Preoperative Fasting
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