Evaluation of Diet Quality and Associated Factors in Geriatric Outpatients: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Tanrıöver, Özlem
Yavuzer, Hakan
Erdinçler, Deniz Suna
Eyüpoğlu, Ozan Emre

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IOS Press

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BACKGROUND: In this study, our aim was to investigate the quality of dietary intake of elderly individuals and to identify the factors that may be associated with their diet quality. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 198 elderly participants. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was used to evaluate nutritional status. The frequency of dietary intake was assessed using the Elderly Diet Index (EDI) score. RESULTS: The median age of study population was 76.0 years. The median EDI score was 27.0, moreover, only 27.3% of the study population had moderate or high diet quality. The results of the univariate analysis revealed that having an average or a poor appetite reduced the diet quality in the elderly which was statistically significantly (p = 0.010 and p = 0.019, respectively), and each point increase in the MNA score statistically significantly increased the chance of moderate/good diet quality by 1.16 times. CONCLUSIONS: The poor diet quality of the elderly was associated with their education, appetite, nutritional, and smoking status.



Older Adult, Elderly Dietary Index, Nutrition, Dietary Intake


Baltacı, P., Tanrıöver, Ö., Yavuzer, H., Erdinçler, D. S., & Eyupoglu, O. E. (2023). Evaluation of diet quality and associated factors in geriatric outpatients: A cross-sectional study. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, (Preprint), 41-54.