Saljuk Art And Mystical Symbols Case Study: Metalworking
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Economic, scientific and mystical growth in Seljuk era, and new developments create new changes in all areas, including the increase in quantity and quality of art. Fans of mystical movements were increased with attractive characteristics among different trades and ordinary people. The moral, social and religious situations were like that increasing discontent was created among the population and especially the scientists, poets and artists. Besides these problems, gradually merchant groups and even professionals could have increased their wealth and involved, as the wealthy part of society, in social and urban decision-making and exporting the products. Although high levels of production and temper tantrums by merchants, sometimes caused to make low quality products, but in the meantime, several works was created by Seljuk artists who influenced by the scientific and mystical atmosphere of the time, and were full of extraordinary innovation in concept and construction. In this period, the use of symbolism in art that there was from ancient times, but continues in the spiritual meanings. In this paper, we describe the situation of the Seljuk era and meanwhile trying to discover the cause or type of mystical symbols in metal works of the period using the case study and library tools to study metal products of the era. In the two examples of metal products from this period, it was found that all the designs of these containers, of plant or animal to human motifs and inscriptions, etc. are all coordinated, and indicate the mystical meaning of the flight of the soul, human evolution, destruction on God, love and the spiritual aspects and the like, and none of them are not useless and from a hobby or just for decoration.