A combinatorial discussion on finite dimensional Leavitt path algebras
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Any finite dimensional semisimple algebra A over a field K is isomorphic to a direct sum of finite dimensional full matrix rings over suitable division rings. We shall consider the direct sum of finite dimensional full matrix rings over a field K. All such finite dimensional semisimple algebras arise as finite dimensional Leavitt path algebras. For this specific finite dimensional semisimple algebra A over a field K, we define a uniquely determined specific graph - called a truncated tree associated with A - whose Leavitt path algebra is isomorphic to A. We define an algebraic invariant kappa(A) for A and count the number of isomorphism classes of Leavitt path algebras with the same fixed value of kappa(A). Moreover, we find the maximum and the minimum K-dimensions of the Leavitt path algebras. of possible trees with a given number of vertices and we also determine the number of distinct Leavitt path algebras of line graphs with a given number of vertices.